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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1100 products
body wash/cleanser855 products
conditioner745 products
liquid hand soap517 products
facial cleanser376 products
facial moisturizer/treatment333 products
bath oil/salts/soak276 products
mask268 products
moisturizer258 products
lipstick242 products
serums & essences219 products
foundation213 products
hair treatment/serum187 products
hair color and bleaching180 products
moisturizer with SPF171 products
toners/astringents120 products
hair styling aide119 products
makeup remover117 products
exfoliant/scrub110 products
baby shampoo101 products
baby wipes93 products
lip balm92 products
beach & sport sunscreen90 products
bubble bath88 products
baby soap88 products
body firming lotion79 products
eye liner79 products
around-eye cream71 products
bronzer/highlighter57 products
bar soap56 products
hand cream53 products
sunless tanning52 products
brow liner51 products
concealer51 products
makeup primer48 products
baby lotion46 products
mouthwash46 products
toothpaste45 products
styling gel/lotion41 products
lip gloss41 products
antiperspirant/deodorant39 products
detangler39 products
mascara39 products
lip liner34 products
baby bubble bath30 products
shaving cream29 products
24 products
anti-aging22 products
hand sanitizer22 products
hair spray21 products
eye shadow20 products
blush17 products
baby sunscreen17 products
setting powder/spray17 products
styling mousse/foam16 products
nail polish16 products
BB cream16 products
CC cream16 products
beard cleanser16 products
foot moisturizer15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)14 products
eye makeup remover13 products
lip balm with SPF13 products
beard care13 products
baby toothpaste12 products
after shave11 products
facial powder10 products
shaving cream (men's)10 products
hair-loss treatment8 products
fragrance for women8 products
oil controller6 products
tooth whitening6 products
after sun product6 products
body oil6 products
hair relaxer5 products
body spray4 products
other eye makeup4 products
nail treatment3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
diaper cream2 products
foot cleansing2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
lip plumper2 products
baby oil2 products
vapor rubs2 products
tanning oil2 products
beard oil2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
fragrance for men1 products
depilatory1 products
nail glue1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer