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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1249 products
body wash/cleanser1005 products
conditioner828 products
liquid hand soap664 products
bath oil/salts/soak463 products
facial cleanser433 products
facial moisturizer/treatment381 products
mask318 products
moisturizer283 products
foundation252 products
lipstick251 products
serums & essences237 products
hair treatment/serum219 products
hair color and bleaching188 products
daily use with SPF180 products
toners/astringents137 products
exfoliant/scrub136 products
hair styling aide132 products
makeup remover128 products
lip balm127 products
bubble bath115 products
baby shampoo114 products
recreational sunscreen103 products
baby wipes99 products
body firming lotion98 products
baby soap97 products
eye liner86 products
around-eye cream79 products
hand cream69 products
bar soap65 products
sunless tanning62 products
bronzer/highlighter62 products
concealer54 products
brow liner53 products
makeup primer52 products
toothpaste51 products
mouthwash49 products
detangler47 products
antiperspirant/deodorant46 products
styling gel/lotion44 products
baby lotion44 products
lip gloss43 products
mascara41 products
lip liner34 products
shaving cream33 products
32 products
baby bubble bath31 products
nail polish29 products
hand sanitizer29 products
anti-aging28 products
hair spray26 products
setting powder/spray24 products
styling mousse/foam20 products
eye shadow20 products
baby sunscreen20 products
blush19 products
BB cream18 products
CC cream17 products
foot moisturizer16 products
beard cleanser16 products
eye makeup remover14 products
beard care14 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)13 products
lip balm with SPF13 products
body spray11 products
baby toothpaste10 products
after shave10 products
hair-loss treatment10 products
facial powder9 products
tooth whitening9 products
body oil9 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
fragrance for women8 products
after sun product7 products
oil controller6 products
hair relaxer5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
other eye makeup4 products
nail treatment3 products
foot cleansing3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
diaper cream2 products
fragrance for men2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
lip plumper2 products
vapor rubs2 products
tanning oil2 products
beard oil2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
polish remover1 products
baby oil1 products
nail glue1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer