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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo321 products
body wash/cleanser288 products
conditioner194 products
liquid hand soap189 products
facial moisturizer/treatment186 products
lipstick180 products
facial cleanser158 products
moisturizer136 products
serums & essences115 products
moisturizer with SPF110 products
nail polish104 products
bath oil/salts/soak103 products
mask89 products
beach & sport sunscreen77 products
hair color and bleaching74 products
foundation71 products
baby shampoo52 products
baby soap50 products
exfoliant/scrub46 products
concealer40 products
makeup remover40 products
around-eye cream40 products
lip balm36 products
baby lotion35 products
toners/astringents35 products
hair treatment/serum32 products
bubble bath22 products
baby bubble bath21 products
eye liner21 products
bar soap21 products
mascara18 products
lip gloss18 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
hair styling aide18 products
hand cream17 products
styling gel/lotion16 products
shaving cream16 products
toothpaste15 products
makeup primer14 products
mouthwash12 products
sunless tanning12 products
body firming lotion11 products
brow liner11 products
BB cream10 products
eye shadow10 products
anti-aging9 products
baby wipes9 products
baby toothpaste9 products
detangler7 products
lip liner7 products
baby sunscreen6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
hand sanitizer5 products
oil controller5 products
blush5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
CC cream5 products
after sun product4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
hair spray3 products
other eye makeup3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
eye makeup remover2 products
fragrance for women2 products
body oil2 products
baby oil2 products
nail treatment2 products
foot cleansing2 products
other men's products2 products
makeup with SPF1 products
lip plumper1 products
facial powder1 products
tooth whitening1 products
after shave1 products
diaper cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
vapor rubs1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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