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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner487 products
moisturizer417 products
facial moisturizer/treatment206 products
lipstick181 products
hair color and bleaching143 products
moisturizer with SPF99 products
beach & sport sunscreen98 products
mascara87 products
mask84 products
hair treatment/serum84 products
lip balm79 products
shampoo71 products
concealer67 products
hand cream64 products
facial cleanser63 products
body firming lotion60 products
exfoliant/scrub60 products
baby lotion56 products
around-eye cream55 products
hair styling aide44 products
serums & essences33 products
foundation28 products
antiperspirant/deodorant27 products
anti-aging24 products
shaving cream23 products
lip gloss23 products
styling gel/lotion20 products
lip balm with SPF19 products
body wash/cleanser17 products
foot moisturizer16 products
bronzer/highlighter14 products
eye shadow11 products
lip liner11 products
baby sunscreen11 products
BB cream8 products
detangler8 products
makeup primer7 products
7 products
beard care7 products
foot cleansing7 products
sunless tanning6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
hair-loss treatment5 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
eye liner4 products
blush4 products
makeup remover4 products
facial powder4 products
after sun product3 products
diaper cream3 products
after shave3 products
fragrance for women3 products
oil controller2 products
baby shampoo2 products
bar soap2 products
body oil2 products
baby oil2 products
depilatory2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
makeup with SPF1 products
other eye makeup1 products
fragrance for men1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
hair spray1 products
baby soap1 products
nail treatment1 products
nail polish1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
740 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • JACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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