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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner725 products
moisturizer582 products
facial moisturizer/treatment317 products
body firming lotion216 products
lipstick198 products
hair color and bleaching153 products
hair treatment/serum136 products
daily use with SPF130 products
recreational sunscreen130 products
shampoo118 products
hand cream111 products
concealer101 products
exfoliant/scrub100 products
mask98 products
hair styling aide98 products
lip balm90 products
mascara85 products
facial cleanser77 products
baby lotion76 products
around-eye cream68 products
serums & essences48 products
anti-aging47 products
antiperspirant/deodorant38 products
baby sunscreen32 products
foundation31 products
lip balm with SPF28 products
styling gel/lotion27 products
shaving cream26 products
lip gloss26 products
foot moisturizer25 products
body wash/cleanser22 products
bronzer/highlighter16 products
detangler15 products
15 products
after sun product14 products
beard care14 products
makeup primer12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
lip liner11 products
foot cleansing10 products
sunless tanning10 products
BB cream9 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
baby shampoo6 products
styling mousse/foam6 products
after shave6 products
makeup remover6 products
eye shadow6 products
hair-loss treatment6 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
facial powder4 products
baby oil4 products
blush4 products
oil controller3 products
diaper cream3 products
hair spray3 products
bar soap3 products
hair relaxer3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
depilatory2 products
fragrance for women2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
baby soap2 products
tanning oil2 products
other eye makeup2 products
body oil2 products
beard cleanser2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
eye liner1 products
nail treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
CC cream1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
nail polish1 products
fragrance for men1 products
body spray1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
740 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • JACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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