Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|hair treatment/serum||208 products|
|hair color and bleaching||152 products|
|hair styling aide||110 products|
|liquid hand soap||51 products|
|styling gel/lotion||32 products|
|hair spray||30 products|
|styling mousse/foam||24 products|
|body wash/cleanser||19 products|
|hand sanitizer||12 products|
|beard care||7 products|
|facial cleanser||6 products|
|beard cleanser||5 products|
|bar soap||2 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||2 products|
|hair relaxer||2 products|
|makeup remover||2 products|
|serums & essences||1 products|
|daily use with SPF||1 products|
|beard oil||1 products|
|sunless tanning||1 products|
|A similar compound is a known human toxicant or allergen||AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics) 2012. Asthmagen compilation - AEOC exposures codes.|
|Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidence||IJT 16(S3):195-220,1997 Tentative Amended Report 06/10|
|Asthmagen sensitizer [Asthmagen, sensitizer induced according to Review by the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC)]||AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics) 2012. Asthmagen compilation - AEOC exposures codes.|
|A peer-reviewed publication reports quaternary ammonium compounds cause reproductive toxicity in animals.||Vanessa E Melin, Haritha Potineni, Patricia Hunt, Jodi Griswold, Bill Siems, Stephen R. Werre & Terry C. Hrubec. 2014. Exposure to common quaternary ammonium disinfectants decreases fertility in mice. Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.) 50, 163-70|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications||IJT 16(S3):195-220,1997 Tentative Amended Report 06/10|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|2042 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics) 2012. Asthmagen compilation - AEOC exposures codes.
- IJT 16(S3):195-220,1997 Tentative Amended Report 06/10
- Vanessa E Melin, Haritha Potineni, Patricia Hunt, Jodi Griswold, Bill Siems, Stephen R. Werre & Terry C. Hrubec. 2014. Exposure to common quaternary ammonium disinfectants decreases fertility in mice. Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.) 50, 163-70
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
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