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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer206 products
hair color and bleaching130 products
facial moisturizer/treatment69 products
hair styling aide69 products
conditioner69 products
mask50 products
styling gel/lotion39 products
exfoliant/scrub38 products
facial cleanser34 products
hair treatment/serum31 products
daily use with SPF27 products
makeup remover26 products
mascara22 products
sunless tanning22 products
hand cream21 products
body firming lotion15 products
recreational sunscreen14 products
foot moisturizer13 products
depilatory12 products
beard care11 products
serums & essences10 products
bronzer/highlighter9 products
anti-aging9 products
skin fading/lightener7 products
baby lotion7 products
around-eye cream6 products
detangler5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
lip gloss5 products
bar soap5 products
makeup primer4 products
baby wipes4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
lipstick3 products
shaving cream2 products
beard oil2 products
hair relaxer2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
BB cream2 products
2 products
mouthwash1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
brow liner1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
baby oil1 products
lip balm1 products
beard cleanser1 products
body spray1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
foot cleansing1 products
shampoo1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
nail treatment1 products
foundation1 products
after shave1 products

Contamination concerns

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Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer