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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer126 products
hair color and bleaching116 products
conditioner59 products
facial moisturizer/treatment52 products
hair styling aide46 products
body firming lotion41 products
exfoliant/scrub32 products
mask31 products
facial cleanser28 products
hair treatment/serum28 products
daily use with SPF25 products
sunless tanning24 products
styling gel/lotion24 products
makeup remover22 products
foot moisturizer11 products
depilatory10 products
mascara10 products
hand cream9 products
bronzer/highlighter9 products
serums & essences7 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
beard care6 products
lipstick6 products
around-eye cream5 products
baby wipes5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
anti-aging3 products
makeup primer3 products
detangler3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
toners/astringents2 products
baby lotion2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
bar soap2 products
BB cream2 products
shampoo1 products
body spray1 products
beard cleanser1 products
lip balm1 products
brow liner1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
1 products
depilatory (men's)1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
after shave1 products

Contamination concerns

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Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer