Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|serums & essences||34 products|
|around-eye cream||34 products|
|facial cleanser||26 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||25 products|
|body wash/cleanser||22 products|
|hair styling aide||18 products|
|hair treatment/serum||10 products|
|tooth whitening||10 products|
|baby toothpaste||9 products|
|styling gel/lotion||8 products|
|hair color and bleaching||7 products|
|liquid hand soap||7 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||7 products|
|hand cream||6 products|
|hair spray||6 products|
|daily use with SPF||4 products|
|lip plumper||3 products|
|recreational sunscreen||3 products|
|body firming lotion||3 products|
|bar soap||3 products|
|foot moisturizer||2 products|
|hand sanitizer||2 products|
|makeup primer||2 products|
|styling mousse/foam||2 products|
|after sun product||2 products|
|brow liner||1 products|
|sunless tanning||1 products|
|lip balm||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|setting powder/spray||1 products|
|after shave||1 products|
|skin fading/lightener||1 products|
|shaving cream||1 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as a high human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|10968 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer