Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
lipstick663 products
mascara327 products
eye liner225 products
foundation190 products
lip gloss157 products
lip balm150 products
brow liner128 products
concealer121 products
eye shadow119 products
blush99 products
lip liner65 products
bronzer/highlighter46 products
lip balm with SPF36 products
beach & sport sunscreen36 products
moisturizer27 products
facial moisturizer/treatment22 products
styling gel/lotion13 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
lip plumper11 products
makeup primer10 products
baby sunscreen10 products
hair styling aide9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
mask8 products
other eye makeup7 products
baby lotion6 products
diaper cream6 products
around-eye cream6 products
serums & essences5 products
beard care5 products
moisturizer with SPF5 products
makeup remover4 products
fragrance for women4 products
3 products
anti-aging3 products
facial powder3 products
body firming lotion3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
foot moisturizer2 products
conditioner2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
body oil1 products
BB cream1 products
beard oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
foot cleansing1 products
toothpaste1 products
shampoo1 products
facial cleanser1 products
vapor rubs1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
126 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer