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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick562 products
mascara216 products
eye liner185 products
foundation155 products
lip gloss128 products
lip balm121 products
concealer105 products
blush100 products
brow liner93 products
eye shadow92 products
lip liner48 products
bronzer/highlighter43 products
lip balm with SPF36 products
beach & sport sunscreen36 products
moisturizer27 products
facial moisturizer/treatment19 products
styling gel/lotion12 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
baby sunscreen10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
mask8 products
makeup primer7 products
hair styling aide7 products
around-eye cream6 products
moisturizer with SPF5 products
baby lotion5 products
fragrance for women4 products
diaper cream3 products
lip plumper3 products
body firming lotion3 products
beard care3 products
facial powder3 products
makeup remover3 products
conditioner2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
anti-aging2 products
serums & essences2 products
toothpaste1 products
other eye makeup1 products
shampoo1 products
facial cleanser1 products
vapor rubs1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
beard oil1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
body oil1 products
BB cream1 products
depilatory1 products
foot cleansing1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
126 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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