SYNONYMS10-DIHYDRO-3,5,6,8-TETRAHYDROXY-1-METHYL-9,10-DIOXO-, 2-ANTHRACENECARBOXYLIC ACID 7-B -D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-9, 2-ANTHRACENECARBOXYLIC ACID, 7-B -D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-9,, 7-B -D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-9, 2-ANTHRACENECARBOXYLIC ACID, CARMINE, CARMINE (COCCUS CACTI L.), CARMINE 5297, CARMINE ULTRA-FINE, CARMINIC ACID, CARMINIC ACID LAKE, and NATURAL RED 4
Carmine is a red pigment/dye derived from insects native to South America and Mexico that live as parasites on cactus plants. Used as a colorant in food, cosmetics and textiles. Has been associated with severe allergic reactions. This ingredient is listed in the PETA's Caring Consumer guide as a substance of animal origin.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye shadow||438 products|
|lip gloss||315 products|
|eye liner||279 products|
|lip liner||85 products|
|lip balm||71 products|
|brow liner||42 products|
|facial powder||39 products|
|lip balm with SPF||20 products|
|setting powder/spray||17 products|
|lip plumper||12 products|
|hair color and bleaching||8 products|
|makeup primer||7 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||4 products|
|oil controller||2 products|
|body powder||1 products|
|body wash/cleanser||1 products|
|hair removal waxes||1 products|
|around-eye cream||1 products|
|facial cleanser||1 products|
|hair styling aide||1 products|
|serums & essences||1 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|1754 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.