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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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body wash/cleanser34 products
moisturizer32 products
facial moisturizer/treatment28 products
shampoo19 products
conditioner17 products
serums & essences15 products
bar soap13 products
lip balm13 products
facial cleanser8 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
lip gloss7 products
beach & sport sunscreen6 products
shaving cream6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant6 products
mask6 products
body oil5 products
moisturizer with SPF5 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
hair styling aide3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
baby shampoo3 products
hand cream2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
makeup primer2 products
around-eye cream2 products
after shave2 products
baby soap2 products
toothpaste2 products
anti-aging1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
body firming lotion1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
after sun product1 products
mouthwash1 products
beard oil1 products
glitter1 products
pore strips1 products
mascara1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
makeup remover1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
brow liner1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1076 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer