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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer129 products
facial moisturizer/treatment70 products
lip balm62 products
body wash/cleanser60 products
conditioner51 products
bar soap49 products
shampoo48 products
serums & essences45 products
mask42 products
facial cleanser34 products
antiperspirant/deodorant31 products
exfoliant/scrub28 products
body firming lotion27 products
body oil26 products
hair treatment/serum26 products
lip gloss19 products
hand cream19 products
beard oil18 products
lipstick16 products
liquid hand soap16 products
muscle/joint soreness14 products
daily use with SPF10 products
makeup primer9 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
shaving cream8 products
bath oil/salts/soak8 products
hair styling aide7 products
7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
around-eye cream7 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
brow liner6 products
beard care6 products
toothpaste6 products
blush6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
hair spray5 products
baby soap4 products
sunless tanning4 products
baby shampoo4 products
after sun product4 products
mascara4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
mouthwash3 products
after shave3 products
bubble bath3 products
toners/astringents3 products
setting powder/spray2 products
concealer2 products
beard cleanser2 products
foot cleansing2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
makeup remover2 products
anti-aging1 products
baby lotion1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
pore strips1 products
nail polish1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
tanning oil1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
nail treatment1 products
diaper cream1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1076 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer