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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer67 products
body wash/cleanser58 products
facial moisturizer/treatment47 products
lip balm44 products
conditioner42 products
shampoo38 products
bar soap38 products
serums & essences30 products
facial cleanser29 products
antiperspirant/deodorant25 products
body firming lotion22 products
mask20 products
hair treatment/serum19 products
exfoliant/scrub19 products
beard oil17 products
liquid hand soap12 products
hand cream12 products
lip gloss12 products
body oil10 products
toothpaste9 products
daily use with SPF9 products
shaving cream9 products
hand sanitizer7 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
7 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
around-eye cream6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
makeup primer6 products
hair styling aide6 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
baby soap5 products
beard care5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
after shave4 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
baby shampoo4 products
after sun product3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
bubble bath3 products
hair spray3 products
toners/astringents2 products
brow liner2 products
concealer2 products
mouthwash2 products
mascara2 products
sunless tanning2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
setting powder/spray1 products
glitter1 products
lipstick1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
pore strips1 products
tanning oil1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
beard cleanser1 products
makeup remover1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1076 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer