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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer86 products
body wash/cleanser59 products
conditioner52 products
lip balm52 products
facial moisturizer/treatment51 products
shampoo44 products
bar soap38 products
serums & essences36 products
body firming lotion32 products
facial cleanser31 products
mask30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant26 products
exfoliant/scrub22 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
beard oil17 products
body oil16 products
lip gloss15 products
hand cream14 products
lipstick12 products
liquid hand soap12 products
daily use with SPF11 products
toothpaste9 products
hair styling aide8 products
shaving cream8 products
makeup primer8 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
around-eye cream6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
baby soap5 products
beard care5 products
sunless tanning4 products
hair spray4 products
toners/astringents4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
after shave4 products
baby shampoo4 products
brow liner3 products
after sun product3 products
mascara3 products
bubble bath3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
foot cleansing2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
mouthwash2 products
concealer2 products
makeup remover2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
diaper cream1 products
baby lotion1 products
beard cleanser1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
pore strips1 products
glitter1 products
tanning oil1 products
foot moisturizer1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1076 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer