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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick983 products
lip balm385 products
foundation202 products
lip gloss195 products
eye liner181 products
antiperspirant/deodorant172 products
concealer160 products
mascara149 products
lip liner112 products
blush107 products
recreational sunscreen102 products
brow liner95 products
moisturizer88 products
bronzer/highlighter76 products
lip balm with SPF59 products
eye shadow55 products
baby sunscreen35 products
hair color and bleaching35 products
exfoliant/scrub22 products
hair styling aide22 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
mask16 products
14 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
hand cream12 products
hair treatment/serum11 products
diaper cream11 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
makeup primer11 products
lip plumper11 products
baby lotion10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
facial cleanser6 products
conditioner6 products
around-eye cream4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
facial powder4 products
BB cream4 products
serums & essences4 products
daily use with SPF4 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
beard care3 products
body firming lotion3 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
after shave2 products
anti-aging2 products
fragrance for women2 products
makeup remover2 products
shampoo1 products
bar soap1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
detangler1 products
body powder1 products
body oil1 products
vapor rubs1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
nail treatment1 products


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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show equivocal any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
18 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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