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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment287 products
foundation229 products
mask228 products
moisturizer184 products
shampoo175 products
facial cleanser169 products
serums & essences157 products
conditioner144 products
daily use with SPF123 products
body wash/cleanser117 products
recreational sunscreen113 products
lipstick86 products
concealer84 products
around-eye cream78 products
exfoliant/scrub78 products
toners/astringents76 products
liquid hand soap56 products
anti-aging49 products
makeup remover46 products
blush44 products
hair treatment/serum44 products
hand cream42 products
lip gloss39 products
eye shadow36 products
makeup primer36 products
bronzer/highlighter35 products
body firming lotion33 products
CC cream28 products
hair styling aide26 products
bubble bath25 products
lip balm25 products
shaving cream23 products
lip balm with SPF22 products
setting powder/spray22 products
bar soap20 products
baby wipes19 products
facial powder18 products
sunless tanning16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
baby sunscreen15 products
styling gel/lotion14 products
hair spray13 products
toothpaste13 products
BB cream13 products
shaving cream (men's)12 products
eye makeup remover10 products
hair-loss treatment10 products
mascara10 products
after sun product9 products
body oil8 products
baby shampoo8 products
brow liner8 products
foot cleansing8 products
hair color and bleaching7 products
body spray7 products
baby soap7 products
baby lotion7 products
detangler6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
baby bubble bath6 products
6 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
styling mousse/foam5 products
hand sanitizer5 products
tanning oil5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
tooth whitening4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
beard cleanser4 products
after shave3 products
depilatory3 products
eye liner3 products
beard care3 products
beard oil3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
oil controller2 products
mouthwash2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
foot odor control2 products
eyelash glue2 products
nail treatment1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
7393 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer