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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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recreational sunscreen32 products
facial moisturizer/treatment32 products
facial cleanser19 products
moisturizer17 products
daily use with SPF16 products
serums & essences16 products
shampoo13 products
conditioner13 products
body firming lotion12 products
toners/astringents11 products
mask10 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
around-eye cream6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
anti-aging5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
hair styling aide4 products
after sun product3 products
mascara3 products
hand cream3 products
bar soap3 products
makeup remover2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
bubble bath2 products
makeup primer2 products
shaving cream2 products
BB cream2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
lip balm2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
oil controller1 products
1 products
baby soap1 products
beard cleanser1 products
baby shampoo1 products
lip plumper1 products
sunless tanning1 products
body oil1 products
baby lotion1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)IFRA_Standard_170html

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1487 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • IFRA_Standard_170html
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer