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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment28 products
recreational sunscreen22 products
facial cleanser16 products
serums & essences15 products
daily use with SPF14 products
shampoo14 products
moisturizer14 products
conditioner11 products
toners/astringents9 products
body firming lotion9 products
mask9 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
around-eye cream5 products
anti-aging3 products
bar soap3 products
mascara3 products
baby sunscreen2 products
shaving cream2 products
hair styling aide2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
after sun product2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
lip balm2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
makeup primer2 products
BB cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
baby soap1 products
beard cleanser1 products
concealer1 products
makeup remover1 products
1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby shampoo1 products
body oil1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
detangler1 products
toothpaste1 products
hand cream1 products
lip plumper1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)IFRA_Standard_170html

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1487 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • IFRA_Standard_170html
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer