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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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around-eye cream124 products
facial moisturizer/treatment72 products
mask67 products
concealer66 products
shampoo51 products
serums & essences50 products
daily use with SPF45 products
conditioner38 products
body firming lotion21 products
moisturizer19 products
makeup primer18 products
foundation18 products
facial cleanser17 products
recreational sunscreen16 products
hair treatment/serum16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant15 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
BB cream13 products
hair styling aide11 products
lip liner10 products
lip plumper9 products
anti-aging9 products
8 products
sunless tanning8 products
hair-loss treatment7 products
lip gloss6 products
setting powder/spray6 products
shaving cream4 products
after shave4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
lipstick4 products
toners/astringents4 products
oil controller3 products
facial powder2 products
beard care2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
lip balm2 products
hair spray2 products
tanning oil2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
after sun product2 products
bar soap2 products
depilatory1 products
hand cream1 products
blush1 products
eye liner1 products
beard cleanser1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
body oil1 products
CC cream1 products
eye shadow1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeEmerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
27683 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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