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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment82 products
bronzer/highlighter48 products
daily use with SPF33 products
serums & essences28 products
moisturizer27 products
hand cream27 products
eye shadow24 products
around-eye cream22 products
mask18 products
hair styling aide14 products
body firming lotion12 products
anti-aging9 products
makeup primer8 products
blush7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
lip gloss4 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
brow liner4 products
BB cream3 products
sunless tanning3 products
after shave3 products
recreational sunscreen3 products
conditioner2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
foundation2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
fragrance for women1 products
CC cream1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
baby lotion1 products
beard care1 products
concealer1 products
toners/astringents1 products
makeup remover1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
lip balm1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
hair spray1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
baby shampoo1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
fragrance for men1 products
nail polish1 products
oil controller1 products
facial powder1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Categorized List of Inert Pesticide Ingredients

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
28 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1987 & 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients in Pesticide Products - Categorized List of Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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