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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment139 products
eye shadow66 products
brow liner41 products
moisturizer40 products
daily use with SPF38 products
around-eye cream36 products
bronzer/highlighter36 products
mask34 products
hand cream26 products
serums & essences24 products
hair treatment/serum19 products
anti-aging19 products
hair styling aide18 products
sunless tanning13 products
makeup primer12 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
body firming lotion6 products
lip gloss6 products
after shave6 products
facial cleanser5 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
BB cream4 products
makeup remover3 products
toners/astringents3 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
blush3 products
conditioner2 products
concealer2 products
body oil2 products
hair spray2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
oil controller2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
foundation2 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
1 products
foot odor control1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
baby oil1 products
nail polish1 products
CC cream1 products
shaving cream1 products
tanning oil1 products
lip balm1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Categorized List of Inert Pesticide Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
28 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1987 & 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients in Pesticide Products - Categorized List of Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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