Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
moisturizer754 products
lipstick503 products
lip balm281 products
conditioner250 products
facial moisturizer/treatment247 products
bar soap189 products
antiperspirant/deodorant156 products
beach & sport sunscreen153 products
lip gloss152 products
concealer120 products
exfoliant/scrub114 products
body wash/cleanser109 products
hand cream107 products
mask91 products
hair treatment/serum90 products
shampoo87 products
moisturizer with SPF74 products
around-eye cream72 products
foundation72 products
baby lotion71 products
bath oil/salts/soak70 products
hair styling aide70 products
body firming lotion67 products
bronzer/highlighter62 products
eye shadow59 products
facial cleanser55 products
lip balm with SPF51 products
lip liner42 products
serums & essences36 products
beard care32 products
styling gel/lotion31 products
diaper cream30 products
liquid hand soap30 products
eye liner29 products
blush29 products
anti-aging27 products
shaving cream23 products
brow liner23 products
baby sunscreen23 products
hair color and bleaching20 products
foot moisturizer19 products
makeup primer18 products
17 products
mascara16 products
detangler16 products
body oil16 products
bubble bath15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)15 products
baby soap14 products
baby shampoo12 products
sunless tanning11 products
baby bubble bath9 products
hair spray8 products
cuticle treatment7 products
after shave7 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
fragrance for women6 products
after sun product6 products
CC cream6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
makeup remover5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
BB cream5 products
beard oil4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
hair relaxer4 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby oil3 products
makeup with SPF2 products
vapor rubs2 products
oil controller2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
glitter2 products
other men's products2 products
foot odor control2 products
fragrance for men2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
mouthwash1 products
facial powder1 products
toners/astringents1 products
body spray1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
depilatory1 products
nail treatment1 products
baby wipes1 products
other eye makeup1 products
beard cleanser1 products
eyelash glue1 products

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 36(Suppl 3):51-129, 2017; Final report 09/2017 available from CIR

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
54 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 36(Suppl 3):51-129, 2017; Final report 09/2017 available from CIR
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer