Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
moisturizer902 products
lipstick508 products
lip balm367 products
conditioner346 products
facial moisturizer/treatment317 products
bar soap247 products
antiperspirant/deodorant244 products
body firming lotion197 products
recreational sunscreen195 products
lip gloss173 products
body wash/cleanser166 products
hand cream161 products
hair treatment/serum148 products
exfoliant/scrub147 products
concealer145 products
shampoo144 products
hair styling aide132 products
mask121 products
daily use with SPF101 products
foundation99 products
around-eye cream85 products
bath oil/salts/soak84 products
baby lotion82 products
lip balm with SPF79 products
facial cleanser71 products
bronzer/highlighter68 products
styling gel/lotion47 products
baby sunscreen46 products
serums & essences45 products
beard care44 products
liquid hand soap41 products
37 products
blush36 products
lip liner34 products
anti-aging32 products
foot moisturizer32 products
eye shadow31 products
diaper cream30 products
eye liner28 products
shaving cream28 products
bubble bath26 products
detangler25 products
hair color and bleaching24 products
brow liner23 products
makeup primer22 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)22 products
baby soap21 products
body oil20 products
baby shampoo19 products
shaving cream (men's)18 products
after shave17 products
mascara16 products
sunless tanning14 products
baby bubble bath13 products
after sun product11 products
makeup remover8 products
hair spray8 products
BB cream8 products
cuticle treatment7 products
fragrance for women7 products
muscle/joint soreness7 products
hair relaxer7 products
beard oil7 products
CC cream6 products
styling mousse/foam5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
baby oil4 products
foot cleansing4 products
toners/astringents3 products
foot odor control3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
vapor rubs2 products
lip plumper2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
glitter2 products
beard cleanser2 products
fragrance for men2 products
depilatory1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
nail treatment1 products
baby wipes1 products
oil controller1 products
mouthwash1 products
facial powder1 products
body spray1 products
other eye makeup1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
eyelash glue1 products

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 36(Suppl 3):51-129, 2017; Final report 09/2017 available from CIR

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
54 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 36(Suppl 3):51-129, 2017; Final report 09/2017 available from CIR
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer