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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1008 products
concealer546 products
mask533 products
facial moisturizer/treatment414 products
daily use with SPF347 products
mascara231 products
serums & essences220 products
moisturizer208 products
facial cleanser186 products
eye liner172 products
makeup primer147 products
lipstick139 products
conditioner138 products
around-eye cream114 products
brow liner112 products
toners/astringents109 products
shampoo106 products
recreational sunscreen89 products
body firming lotion82 products
BB cream81 products
bronzer/highlighter77 products
CC cream74 products
hair treatment/serum71 products
blush64 products
exfoliant/scrub63 products
hair styling aide61 products
makeup remover55 products
eye shadow53 products
setting powder/spray48 products
nail polish42 products
hand cream39 products
styling gel/lotion37 products
lip plumper35 products
hand sanitizer35 products
lip gloss35 products
hair color and bleaching35 products
lip balm33 products
facial powder28 products
anti-aging27 products
lip liner24 products
hair spray23 products
sunless tanning22 products
body wash/cleanser22 products
body spray21 products
21 products
pore strips20 products
detangler16 products
styling mousse/foam14 products
other eye makeup11 products
after shave10 products
eyelash glue10 products
eye makeup remover9 products
shaving cream8 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
beard care8 products
oil controller7 products
glitter7 products
liquid hand soap7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
nail treatment6 products
skin fading/lightener6 products
fragrance for women6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
baby shampoo4 products
foot cleansing4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
baby lotion3 products
depilatory3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
body oil3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
baby soap2 products
after sun product2 products
tanning oil2 products
fragrance for men2 products
baby wipes2 products
beard cleanser2 products
bar soap1 products
diaper cream1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
bubble bath1 products
mouthwash1 products
foot odor control1 products
polish remover1 products
beard oil1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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