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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation908 products
concealer411 products
serums & essences374 products
mask362 products
facial moisturizer/treatment310 products
daily use with SPF309 products
mascara158 products
moisturizer146 products
facial cleanser138 products
lipstick117 products
eye liner109 products
conditioner103 products
makeup primer100 products
around-eye cream84 products
brow liner82 products
shampoo78 products
toners/astringents74 products
recreational sunscreen71 products
bronzer/highlighter67 products
body firming lotion61 products
BB cream57 products
exfoliant/scrub48 products
blush41 products
hair treatment/serum41 products
makeup remover40 products
eye shadow40 products
hair styling aide38 products
CC cream35 products
setting powder/spray35 products
hand cream32 products
lip balm27 products
anti-aging26 products
facial powder26 products
lip plumper23 products
lip gloss23 products
styling gel/lotion22 products
hair spray20 products
18 products
sunless tanning17 products
lip liner17 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
detangler15 products
pore strips14 products
other eye makeup10 products
after shave9 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
shaving cream8 products
styling mousse/foam8 products
eye makeup remover7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
oil controller6 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
eyelash glue6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
baby shampoo5 products
body spray5 products
fragrance for women5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
beard care5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
baby lotion3 products
depilatory3 products
glitter3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
foot moisturizer2 products
nail treatment2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
baby soap2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
fragrance for men2 products
baby wipes2 products
beard cleanser2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
bar soap1 products
nail polish1 products
diaper cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hair relaxer1 products
bubble bath1 products
mouthwash1 products
vapor rubs1 products
foot odor control1 products
beard oil1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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