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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation911 products
concealer410 products
serums & essences353 products
mask330 products
moisturizer with SPF297 products
facial moisturizer/treatment283 products
mascara143 products
moisturizer126 products
facial cleanser119 products
lipstick113 products
eye liner108 products
makeup primer97 products
conditioner81 products
around-eye cream80 products
brow liner71 products
toners/astringents70 products
shampoo68 products
bronzer/highlighter64 products
beach & sport sunscreen60 products
BB cream55 products
body firming lotion48 products
exfoliant/scrub42 products
eye shadow41 products
makeup remover36 products
blush36 products
setting powder/spray34 products
hair treatment/serum34 products
hair styling aide33 products
hand cream29 products
facial powder26 products
lip balm26 products
anti-aging23 products
lip plumper21 products
lip gloss21 products
styling gel/lotion20 products
CC cream20 products
hair spray18 products
18 products
lip liner17 products
detangler15 products
sunless tanning14 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
pore strips13 products
after shave10 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
eye makeup remover8 products
styling mousse/foam8 products
other eye makeup8 products
shaving cream7 products
oil controller6 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
beard care5 products
baby shampoo4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
body spray4 products
fragrance for women4 products
eyelash glue4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
baby lotion3 products
depilatory3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
nail treatment2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
baby soap2 products
diaper cream2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
glitter2 products
fragrance for men2 products
baby wipes2 products
beard cleanser2 products
foot moisturizer1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
bar soap1 products
nail polish1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hair relaxer1 products
bubble bath1 products
mouthwash1 products
vapor rubs1 products
beard oil1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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