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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1255 products
concealer753 products
mask660 products
facial moisturizer/treatment510 products
serums & essences305 products
moisturizer283 products
daily use with SPF283 products
mascara245 products
facial cleanser221 products
eye liner186 products
makeup primer162 products
around-eye cream151 products
conditioner148 products
brow liner140 products
lipstick136 products
toners/astringents126 products
shampoo121 products
hair treatment/serum113 products
CC cream105 products
exfoliant/scrub95 products
blush92 products
recreational sunscreen89 products
eye shadow83 products
bronzer/highlighter80 products
BB cream76 products
lip gloss66 products
setting powder/spray60 products
hair styling aide59 products
makeup remover58 products
hand cream55 products
nail polish50 products
45 products
body firming lotion44 products
lip plumper44 products
hand sanitizer43 products
styling gel/lotion42 products
anti-aging41 products
hair color and bleaching36 products
body wash/cleanser35 products
lip balm33 products
hair spray25 products
body spray25 products
sunless tanning24 products
lip liner19 products
after shave16 products
pore strips15 products
facial powder14 products
foot moisturizer13 products
skin fading/lightener12 products
shaving cream (men's)12 products
styling mousse/foam12 products
detangler11 products
eyelash glue11 products
nail treatment10 products
foot cleansing9 products
eye makeup remover9 products
beard care9 products
glitter8 products
damaged skin treatment8 products
oil controller7 products
liquid hand soap7 products
other eye makeup6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
baby shampoo5 products
cuticle treatment5 products
fragrance for men5 products
shaving cream4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
fragrance for women4 products
baby wipes4 products
bar soap3 products
baby lotion3 products
depilatory3 products
baby soap3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
after sun product3 products
tanning oil3 products
polish remover3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
body oil2 products
bubble bath2 products
beard oil2 products
beard cleanser2 products
diaper cream1 products
mouthwash1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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