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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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beach & sport sunscreen90 products
moisturizer with SPF83 products
facial moisturizer/treatment51 products
moisturizer30 products
serums & essences30 products
mask23 products
eye liner22 products
around-eye cream18 products
antiperspirant/deodorant15 products
baby sunscreen15 products
shampoo13 products
facial cleanser12 products
anti-aging9 products
shaving cream9 products
body firming lotion9 products
BB cream8 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
conditioner7 products
eye shadow6 products
after shave6 products
lip gloss6 products
body oil5 products
foundation5 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
mascara4 products
CC cream4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
diaper cream3 products
hand cream3 products
lip balm3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
Facial Sun Care3 products
body spray2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
hair styling aide2 products
baby lotion2 products
after sun product1 products
lipstick1 products
oil controller1 products
baby shampoo1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
baby soap1 products
tanning oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
makeup primer1 products
foot cleansing1 products
Oils & Serums1 products
toners/astringents1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
baby wipes1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
detangler1 products
beard oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerIJT 18(S3):33-40, 1999

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 18(S3):33-40, 1999
216 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 18(S3):33-40, 1999

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 18(S3):33-40, 1999
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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