Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Endocrine disruption (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW_MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
lipstick455 products
foundation392 products
lip gloss286 products
eye liner222 products
antiperspirant/deodorant203 products
concealer175 products
eye shadow157 products
body wash/cleanser153 products
moisturizer139 products
fragrance for women124 products
facial moisturizer/treatment120 products
mascara108 products
lip balm102 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)90 products
brow liner86 products
daily use with SPF86 products
fragrance for men83 products
hair treatment/serum73 products
bronzer/highlighter63 products
conditioner62 products
recreational sunscreen61 products
lip liner57 products
shampoo54 products
lip balm with SPF53 products
facial cleanser50 products
facial powder48 products
blush46 products
serums & essences40 products
body spray35 products
makeup primer35 products
hand cream34 products
mask34 products
shaving cream34 products
hair styling aide34 products
exfoliant/scrub33 products
anti-aging30 products
lip plumper30 products
body oil26 products
sunless tanning23 products
liquid hand soap23 products
around-eye cream22 products
hair spray19 products
shaving cream (men's)18 products
hair-loss treatment18 products
toothpaste16 products
setting powder/spray16 products
bar soap14 products
body firming lotion14 products
after shave13 products
13 products
styling gel/lotion12 products
nail glue11 products
makeup remover9 products
bath oil/salts/soak9 products
bubble bath9 products
skin fading/lightener7 products
hair color and bleaching7 products
toners/astringents6 products
BB cream6 products
CC cream6 products
cuticle treatment4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
nail treatment4 products
baby sunscreen4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
baby lotion3 products
nail polish3 products
polish remover3 products
baby shampoo3 products
foot odor control2 products
detangler2 products
hair removal waxes2 products
baby soap2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
beard oil2 products
depilatory1 products
oil controller1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
glitter1 products
beard cleanser1 products


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high dosesOpen scientific literature


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show significant any or allergenic effectsNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Human respiratory irritant - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Endocrine disruption

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
One or more studies show weak endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show developemental effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
5406 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer