- †Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (moderate), Endocrine disruption (low), Ecotoxicology (low), and Occupational hazards (high)
SYNONYMSBENYLATE, BENZOIC ACID, BENZYL ESTER, BENZOIC ACID, PHENYLMETHYL ESTER, BENZYL BENZOATE, BENZYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID, PHENYLMETHYL BENZOATE, and PHENYLMETHYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID
Benzyl benzoate is used as solvent and preservative; associated with allergies and contact dermatitis.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
HIGHAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|fragrance for women||130 products|
|lip gloss||101 products|
|hair styling aide||68 products|
|hair treatment/serum||66 products|
|lip balm||45 products|
|fragrance for men||42 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||42 products|
|lip plumper||29 products|
|hair spray||25 products|
|styling gel/lotion||25 products|
|body wash/cleanser||25 products|
|hand cream||24 products|
|hair color and bleaching||23 products|
|serums & essences||21 products|
|body spray||20 products|
|facial cleanser||20 products|
|liquid hand soap||17 products|
|body oil||16 products|
|setting powder/spray||14 products|
|bar soap||13 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||13 products|
|sunless tanning||12 products|
|styling mousse/foam||10 products|
|body firming lotion||10 products|
|eye shadow||10 products|
|bubble bath||9 products|
|daily use with SPF||9 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||7 products|
|shaving cream||7 products|
|makeup primer||6 products|
|recreational sunscreen||6 products|
|lip balm with SPF||5 products|
|cuticle treatment||5 products|
|hand sanitizer||5 products|
|around-eye cream||4 products|
|nail treatment||4 products|
|polish remover||4 products|
|after shave||3 products|
|baby lotion||3 products|
|foot moisturizer||3 products|
|after sun product||3 products|
|BB cream||3 products|
|brow liner||3 products|
|makeup remover||2 products|
|hair relaxer||2 products|
|beard oil||2 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
|nail polish||1 products|
|baby oil||1 products|
|hair-loss treatment||1 products|
|lip liner||1 products|
|eye makeup remover||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|baby sunscreen||1 products|
|depilatory (men's)||1 products|
|beard care||1 products|
|Known human any toxicant or allergen||Open scientific literature|
|Possible human immune system toxicant or allergen||SCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy|
|Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses||CPS&Q - Classification & Labelling|
|Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)||International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards|
|Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergens||CosIng|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Wildlife and environmental toxicity||CPS&Q - Classification & Labelling|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|467 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.
- CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
- IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
- European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.