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Data: Fair

Benzyl Benzoate

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (moderate), Endocrine disruption (low), Ecotoxicology (low), and Occupational hazards (high)

SYNONYMS

BENYLATE, BENZOIC ACID, BENZYL ESTER, BENZOIC ACID, PHENYLMETHYL ESTER, BENZYL BENZOATE, BENZYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID, PHENYLMETHYL BENZOATE, and PHENYLMETHYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID

Benzyl benzoate is used as solvent and preservative; associated with allergies and contact dermatitis.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • MODERATE
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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fragrance for women130 products
moisturizer106 products
lip gloss101 products
conditioner94 products
lipstick76 products
shampoo75 products
hair styling aide68 products
hair treatment/serum66 products
lip balm45 products
mask43 products
fragrance for men42 products
facial moisturizer/treatment42 products
foundation40 products
lip plumper29 products
hair spray25 products
styling gel/lotion25 products
exfoliant/scrub25 products
body wash/cleanser25 products
hand cream24 products
hair color and bleaching23 products
antiperspirant/deodorant22 products
serums & essences21 products
body spray20 products
facial cleanser20 products
liquid hand soap17 products
body oil16 products
bronzer/highlighter14 products
setting powder/spray14 products
bar soap13 products
bath oil/salts/soak13 products
sunless tanning12 products
styling mousse/foam10 products
body firming lotion10 products
eye shadow10 products
bubble bath9 products
daily use with SPF9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
shaving cream7 products
detangler7 products
makeup primer6 products
toners/astringents6 products
concealer6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
cuticle treatment5 products
hand sanitizer5 products
around-eye cream4 products
nail treatment4 products
polish remover4 products
depilatory4 products
4 products
after shave3 products
baby lotion3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
after sun product3 products
BB cream3 products
brow liner3 products
anti-aging2 products
blush2 products
makeup remover2 products
hair relaxer2 products
beard oil2 products
diaper cream1 products
nail polish1 products
baby oil1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
lip liner1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
tanning oil1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
depilatory (men's)1 products
glitter1 products
beard care1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Possible human immune system toxicant or allergenSCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy

Occupational hazards

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensCosIng

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Wildlife and environmental toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
467 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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