Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|facial cleanser||86 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||81 products|
|body wash/cleanser||74 products|
|hair treatment/serum||62 products|
|makeup remover||52 products|
|hand cream||42 products|
|serums & essences||42 products|
|hair styling aide||32 products|
|styling gel/lotion||31 products|
|lip gloss||27 products|
|liquid hand soap||26 products|
|recreational sunscreen||20 products|
|daily use with SPF||20 products|
|brow liner||19 products|
|body firming lotion||18 products|
|eye shadow||15 products|
|around-eye cream||12 products|
|hair spray||12 products|
|sunless tanning||10 products|
|eye makeup remover||10 products|
|baby wipes||9 products|
|styling mousse/foam||8 products|
|makeup primer||8 products|
|body spray||8 products|
|setting powder/spray||8 products|
|after shave||7 products|
|facial powder||7 products|
|eye liner||7 products|
|lip plumper||7 products|
|baby shampoo||6 products|
|foot moisturizer||5 products|
|baby lotion||5 products|
|beard cleanser||5 products|
|diaper cream||4 products|
|hair color and bleaching||4 products|
|fragrance for women||4 products|
|lip balm||4 products|
|baby soap||4 products|
|lip balm with SPF||3 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||3 products|
|bar soap||3 products|
|other eye makeup||3 products|
|after sun product||3 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||2 products|
|shaving cream||2 products|
|bubble bath||2 products|
|baby sunscreen||2 products|
|beard care||2 products|
|baby bubble bath||2 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|hair-loss treatment||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|skin fading/lightener||1 products|
|BB cream||1 products|
|fragrance for men||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|foot odor control||1 products|
|beard oil||1 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||1 products|
|nail polish||1 products|
|Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit)||Japan's Standards for Cosmetics|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of sense organ toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Insufficient data to determine safety||EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|16719 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||EPA Water Disinfection By-Products Carcinogenicity|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2006. EPA Water Disinfection By-Products with Carcinogenicity Estimates. Last updated: 10 April 2006.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer