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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick566 products
lip balm408 products
moisturizer214 products
beach & sport sunscreen210 products
foundation193 products
lip gloss187 products
mascara185 products
concealer147 products
brow liner94 products
eye liner93 products
lip balm with SPF81 products
facial moisturizer/treatment69 products
blush67 products
bronzer/highlighter60 products
antiperspirant/deodorant58 products
exfoliant/scrub55 products
eye shadow46 products
moisturizer with SPF39 products
baby lotion38 products
diaper cream37 products
lip liner33 products
hand cream29 products
baby sunscreen29 products
body firming lotion25 products
around-eye cream22 products
styling gel/lotion22 products
hair styling aide20 products
facial cleanser18 products
mask17 products
makeup primer17 products
foot moisturizer16 products
beard care15 products
vapor rubs13 products
lip plumper13 products
muscle/joint soreness10 products
serums & essences9 products
beard oil8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
bar soap7 products
other eye makeup7 products
7 products
fragrance for women6 products
cuticle treatment6 products
BB cream5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
anti-aging5 products
fragrance for men5 products
conditioner4 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
makeup remover3 products
after sun product3 products
shaving cream3 products
body oil3 products
baby soap3 products
makeup with SPF2 products
shampoo2 products
foot odor control2 products
baby oil2 products
facial powder2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
after shave1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
glitter1 products
foot cleansing1 products
other men's products1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
sunless tanning1 products
oil controller1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
eyelash glue1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 3(3):1-41, 1984 confirmed 06/03 IJT 24(S1):48-52, 2005
598 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 3(3):1-41, 1984 confirmed 06/03 IJT 24(S1):48-52, 2005

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 3(3):1-41, 1984 confirmed 06/03 IJT 24(S1):48-52, 2005
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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