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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick484 products
lip balm357 products
beach & sport sunscreen214 products
moisturizer181 products
foundation149 products
mascara142 products
concealer136 products
lip gloss132 products
lip balm with SPF79 products
eye liner72 products
brow liner69 products
blush67 products
facial moisturizer/treatment64 products
antiperspirant/deodorant55 products
exfoliant/scrub49 products
bronzer/highlighter47 products
moisturizer with SPF41 products
eye shadow41 products
baby lotion38 products
diaper cream33 products
baby sunscreen29 products
hand cream26 products
around-eye cream19 products
body firming lotion19 products
lip liner17 products
styling gel/lotion17 products
facial cleanser17 products
foot moisturizer16 products
mask15 products
vapor rubs13 products
hair styling aide12 products
makeup primer12 products
lip plumper7 products
muscle/joint soreness7 products
serums & essences7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
fragrance for women6 products
beard oil6 products
cuticle treatment5 products
BB cream4 products
fragrance for men4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
beard care3 products
makeup remover3 products
anti-aging3 products
conditioner3 products
bar soap3 products
body oil3 products
after sun product3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
shaving cream3 products
baby soap2 products
shampoo2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
foot odor control2 products
baby oil2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
hair removal waxes1 products
sunless tanning1 products
oil controller1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
other men's products1 products
facial powder1 products
nail treatment1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
eyelash glue1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 3(3):1-41, 1984 confirmed 06/03 IJT 24(S1):48-52, 2005
598 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 3(3):1-41, 1984 confirmed 06/03 IJT 24(S1):48-52, 2005

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 3(3):1-41, 1984 confirmed 06/03 IJT 24(S1):48-52, 2005
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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