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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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recreational sunscreen541 products
daily use with SPF283 products
fragrance for women131 products
lip balm with SPF89 products
baby sunscreen67 products
fragrance for men66 products
body spray46 products
body wash/cleanser16 products
moisturizer15 products
hair spray10 products
lip liner9 products
blush8 products
facial moisturizer/treatment8 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
bronzer/highlighter7 products
makeup primer6 products
tanning oil6 products
after shave5 products
facial cleanser5 products
body oil4 products
shampoo3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
foundation3 products
lip balm3 products
conditioner3 products
toners/astringents2 products
serums & essences2 products
2 products
bar soap2 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
sunless tanning1 products
detangler1 products
CC cream1 products
oil controller1 products
body firming lotion1 products
hand sanitizer1 products

Contamination concerns

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Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Absorbs into the skinOpen scientific literature

Decreased skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Limited potential to absorb into the skin.Open scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit)Japan's Standards for Cosmetics


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Concern Reference
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Associated with immunotoxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer