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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick423 products
foundation268 products
concealer161 products
eye liner131 products
lip liner127 products
eye shadow94 products
brow liner89 products
bronzer/highlighter56 products
mascara54 products
blush51 products
facial moisturizer/treatment47 products
beach & sport sunscreen47 products
lip gloss45 products
facial powder36 products
lip balm30 products
moisturizer with SPF29 products
moisturizer26 products
facial cleanser26 products
lip balm with SPF24 products
serums & essences17 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
makeup primer16 products
mask15 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
shampoo9 products
around-eye cream8 products
conditioner7 products
anti-aging6 products
shaving cream6 products
hand cream5 products
body firming lotion5 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
sunless tanning4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
nail polish4 products
toners/astringents4 products
other eye makeup3 products
BB cream3 products
baby shampoo3 products
baby soap3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
3 products
body oil2 products
after shave2 products
toothpaste2 products
bubble bath1 products
nail treatment1 products
lip plumper1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
detangler1 products
depilatory1 products
tooth whitening1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
baby bubble bath1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
219 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • IJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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