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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick265 products
foundation148 products
concealer126 products
lip liner103 products
eye liner79 products
eye shadow62 products
beach & sport sunscreen47 products
bronzer/highlighter47 products
brow liner44 products
blush39 products
facial moisturizer/treatment37 products
mascara35 products
lip gloss35 products
facial powder29 products
moisturizer with SPF27 products
lip balm with SPF24 products
facial cleanser23 products
moisturizer19 products
lip balm19 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
serums & essences15 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
makeup primer9 products
mask9 products
shampoo7 products
shaving cream6 products
anti-aging6 products
hand cream5 products
around-eye cream5 products
toners/astringents4 products
sunless tanning4 products
conditioner4 products
other eye makeup3 products
BB cream3 products
body firming lotion2 products
body oil2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
toothpaste2 products
baby shampoo2 products
baby soap2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
makeup remover1 products
bubble bath1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
nail treatment1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
tooth whitening1 products
detangler1 products
depilatory1 products
after shave1 products
lip plumper1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
219 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • IJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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