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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer152 products
facial moisturizer/treatment142 products
shampoo125 products
conditioner123 products
hair color and bleaching117 products
serums & essences117 products
mask103 products
lipstick72 products
facial cleanser68 products
exfoliant/scrub65 products
foundation65 products
concealer54 products
hair treatment/serum51 products
daily use with SPF46 products
body wash/cleanser36 products
sunless tanning31 products
around-eye cream31 products
toners/astringents26 products
recreational sunscreen26 products
hand cream25 products
antiperspirant/deodorant24 products
eye liner21 products
hair styling aide21 products
CC cream20 products
anti-aging17 products
lip balm with SPF15 products
lip gloss15 products
makeup remover12 products
body firming lotion12 products
makeup primer12 products
facial powder10 products
BB cream10 products
hair spray9 products
mouthwash9 products
bubble bath8 products
bar soap7 products
after sun product7 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
blush7 products
setting powder/spray7 products
detangler6 products
lip balm6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
nail treatment5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
mascara5 products
tanning oil5 products
5 products
skin fading/lightener4 products
eye shadow4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
baby lotion4 products
beard oil4 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
body spray3 products
after shave3 products
body oil3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
beard care3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
brow liner2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
toothpaste2 products
shaving cream2 products
polish remover2 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
nail polish1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
other eye makeup1 products
lip plumper1 products
baby shampoo1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
body art1 products
body powder1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
glitter1 products
beard cleanser1 products
pore strips1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
66172 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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