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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment132 products
hair color and bleaching118 products
shampoo105 products
conditioner104 products
moisturizer102 products
serums & essences99 products
mask89 products
lipstick72 products
facial cleanser58 products
daily use with SPF56 products
exfoliant/scrub55 products
concealer53 products
hair treatment/serum44 products
recreational sunscreen40 products
foundation33 products
body firming lotion30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant25 products
toners/astringents24 products
sunless tanning21 products
around-eye cream21 products
hair styling aide21 products
CC cream20 products
hand cream19 products
body wash/cleanser18 products
anti-aging16 products
lip balm with SPF15 products
makeup remover12 products
eye liner12 products
hair spray10 products
facial powder10 products
makeup primer10 products
mouthwash9 products
after sun product9 products
BB cream9 products
detangler7 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
setting powder/spray7 products
baby sunscreen6 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
bar soap5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
lip balm5 products
body oil5 products
5 products
eye shadow4 products
nail treatment4 products
toothpaste4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
mascara4 products
tanning oil4 products
beard oil4 products
after shave3 products
lip gloss3 products
blush3 products
baby lotion3 products
beard care3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
shaving cream2 products
polish remover2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
brow liner1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
bubble bath1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
body spray1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
lip plumper1 products
baby shampoo1 products
body art1 products
body powder1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
glitter1 products
beard cleanser1 products
pore strips1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 24(2):51-111, 2005
66172 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 24(2):51-111, 2005

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 24(2):51-111, 2005
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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