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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment16 products
shampoo13 products
moisturizer13 products
serums & essences12 products
facial cleanser10 products
body wash/cleanser10 products
muscle/joint soreness8 products
mask7 products
around-eye cream6 products
beach & sport sunscreen6 products
body oil5 products
conditioner5 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
toners/astringents4 products
concealer4 products
body firming lotion3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
baby shampoo2 products
anti-aging2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
hair spray1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
mascara1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
hair styling aide1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
baby soap1 products
baby lotion1 products
after shave1 products
CC cream1 products
diaper cream1 products


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Concern Reference
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceIJT 20(S2):1-11, 2001

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Insufficient data to determine safetyIJT 20(S2):1-11, 2001
145 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • IJT 20(S2):1-11, 2001
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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