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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer100 products
facial moisturizer/treatment84 products
lip gloss64 products
body oil57 products
lip balm54 products
exfoliant/scrub47 products
lipstick46 products
foundation43 products
facial cleanser34 products
serums & essences32 products
conditioner24 products
hand cream24 products
hair treatment/serum22 products
beard oil20 products
shampoo18 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
around-eye cream16 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
body firming lotion15 products
bronzer/highlighter15 products
mask14 products
anti-aging12 products
blush10 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
bath oil/salts/soak8 products
baby lotion7 products
daily use with SPF7 products
bar soap7 products
makeup primer6 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
makeup remover4 products
beard care4 products
hair styling aide3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
3 products
shaving cream3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
polish remover3 products
concealer3 products
baby oil2 products
body spray2 products
nail treatment2 products
after sun product2 products
other eye makeup2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
depilatory1 products
sunless tanning1 products
eye shadow1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
toners/astringents1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
BB cream1 products
detangler1 products
glitter1 products
tanning oil1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby wipes1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
diaper cream1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
164 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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