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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer141 products
lip gloss121 products
facial moisturizer/treatment100 products
body oil69 products
lipstick68 products
lip balm65 products
exfoliant/scrub57 products
hand cream45 products
serums & essences44 products
foundation43 products
facial cleanser42 products
hair treatment/serum30 products
conditioner29 products
mask28 products
beard oil26 products
shampoo22 products
body wash/cleanser18 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
around-eye cream17 products
bar soap16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant14 products
blush13 products
brow liner12 products
body firming lotion9 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
damaged skin treatment9 products
makeup primer8 products
anti-aging7 products
baby lotion7 products
cuticle treatment7 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
daily use with SPF6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
beard care6 products
liquid hand soap6 products
hair styling aide5 products
foot moisturizer5 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
makeup remover5 products
5 products
after sun product4 products
baby sunscreen4 products
toners/astringents3 products
fragrance for women3 products
baby oil3 products
nail treatment3 products
tanning oil3 products
concealer3 products
detangler2 products
mascara2 products
body spray2 products
shaving cream2 products
polish remover2 products
eye makeup remover1 products
sunless tanning1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
baby wipes1 products
bubble bath1 products
hair spray1 products
BB cream1 products
baby shampoo1 products
eye shadow1 products
glitter1 products
diaper cream1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
164 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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