This ingredient is not currently on EWG's Skin Deep Restricted or Unacceptable Lists.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||96 products|
|lip gloss||77 products|
|body oil||62 products|
|lip balm||54 products|
|beard oil||40 products|
|hand cream||40 products|
|serums & essences||39 products|
|facial cleanser||38 products|
|hair treatment/serum||34 products|
|bar soap||23 products|
|around-eye cream||19 products|
|brow liner||12 products|
|body wash/cleanser||12 products|
|makeup primer||10 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||8 products|
|hair styling aide||8 products|
|baby lotion||7 products|
|damaged skin treatment||7 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||6 products|
|recreational sunscreen||6 products|
|baby sunscreen||6 products|
|after sun product||6 products|
|makeup remover||5 products|
|liquid hand soap||5 products|
|cuticle treatment||5 products|
|beard care||5 products|
|daily use with SPF||5 products|
|nail treatment||4 products|
|foot moisturizer||4 products|
|polish remover||4 products|
|styling gel/lotion||4 products|
|baby oil||4 products|
|body firming lotion||3 products|
|tanning oil||2 products|
|hair color and bleaching||2 products|
|setting powder/spray||2 products|
|beard cleanser||2 products|
|shaving cream||2 products|
|baby wipes||1 products|
|bubble bath||1 products|
|sunless tanning||1 products|
|nail polish||1 products|
|eye shadow||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|baby shampoo||1 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|164 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.