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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Neurotoxicity (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment51 products
facial cleanser35 products
moisturizer31 products
serums & essences18 products
body oil17 products
baby soap17 products
baby lotion16 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
bath oil/salts/soak14 products
baby shampoo13 products
shampoo13 products
conditioner13 products
toners/astringents12 products
diaper cream10 products
mask9 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
bubble bath8 products
baby bubble bath7 products
around-eye cream7 products
anti-aging6 products
liquid hand soap6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
body spray5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
makeup remover5 products
baby oil5 products
fragrance for women5 products
daily use with SPF5 products
4 products
makeup primer4 products
lip balm3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
bar soap3 products
mouthwash3 products
body firming lotion3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
baby wipes2 products
eye liner2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
hand cream2 products
vapor rubs1 products
hair styling aide1 products
beard oil1 products
facial powder1 products
hair spray1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
fragrance for men1 products
body powder1 products


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show equivocal any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic or harmful.Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show equivocal any effectsOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
7 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer