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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick319 products
foundation175 products
eye shadow97 products
bronzer/highlighter92 products
shampoo83 products
facial powder68 products
recreational sunscreen60 products
moisturizer54 products
blush52 products
concealer48 products
daily use with SPF43 products
lip liner41 products
facial moisturizer/treatment36 products
setting powder/spray21 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)20 products
body firming lotion19 products
antiperspirant/deodorant15 products
lip gloss14 products
serums & essences12 products
makeup primer9 products
hand cream9 products
around-eye cream8 products
baby sunscreen7 products
anti-aging7 products
7 products
brow liner6 products
BB cream6 products
hair styling aide5 products
lip balm5 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
foot moisturizer3 products
sunless tanning3 products
CC cream3 products
mascara3 products
eye liner3 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
body powder2 products
mask1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
after shave1 products
foot odor control1 products
hair spray1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
facial cleanser1 products
body spray1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any toxicityKlaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 21(S1):1-7, 2002


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • Klaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • IJT 21(S1):1-7, 2002
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer