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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick373 products
foundation120 products
conditioner118 products
lip gloss117 products
moisturizer111 products
recreational sunscreen104 products
mask102 products
facial moisturizer/treatment80 products
facial cleanser80 products
body wash/cleanser79 products
concealer74 products
lip balm73 products
baby wipes71 products
shampoo66 products
hand sanitizer62 products
bronzer/highlighter46 products
serums & essences46 products
makeup remover44 products
daily use with SPF43 products
antiperspirant/deodorant38 products
eye shadow37 products
blush37 products
mascara36 products
lip balm with SPF35 products
liquid hand soap35 products
bar soap34 products
hair treatment/serum32 products
hair styling aide27 products
hand cream26 products
toners/astringents26 products
exfoliant/scrub23 products
baby sunscreen23 products
makeup primer20 products
CC cream20 products
lip plumper19 products
BB cream19 products
eye liner18 products
after sun product16 products
tanning oil16 products
around-eye cream15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)15 products
bubble bath14 products
setting powder/spray14 products
baby oil14 products
body oil13 products
lip liner12 products
baby powder12 products
anti-aging12 products
beard care12 products
eye makeup remover11 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
baby shampoo11 products
hair color and bleaching11 products
foot moisturizer9 products
hair spray9 products
body spray9 products
sunless tanning8 products
bath oil/salts/soak8 products
brow liner7 products
body firming lotion7 products
facial powder7 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
toothpaste7 products
baby lotion6 products
baby soap6 products
fragrance for women6 products
cuticle treatment6 products
shaving cream6 products
glitter6 products
nail treatment5 products
diaper cream5 products
pore strips5 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
detangler4 products
body powder4 products
3 products
beard oil3 products
depilatory2 products
hair relaxer2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
foot cleansing2 products
eyelash glue2 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
after shave1 products
foot odor control1 products
other eye makeup1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
fragrance for men1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature
Cancer - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – scientific review cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Missing safety data noted by cosmetic industry reviewCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
151 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Determined safe for use in cosmetics up to a specified concentration limitCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if a product likely contains the non-decolorized whole leaf aloe vera, which is known to cause cancer. The score will be lower if the decolorized version of the ingredient is used.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer