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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick362 products
conditioner123 products
recreational sunscreen99 products
lip gloss88 products
foundation88 products
facial moisturizer/treatment71 products
moisturizer70 products
mask70 products
concealer66 products
body wash/cleanser63 products
lip balm63 products
shampoo60 products
facial cleanser53 products
eye shadow47 products
serums & essences47 products
baby wipes44 products
daily use with SPF44 products
bronzer/highlighter37 products
lip balm with SPF37 products
makeup remover34 products
blush34 products
antiperspirant/deodorant29 products
bar soap28 products
hair treatment/serum28 products
mascara26 products
toners/astringents23 products
body firming lotion21 products
hand cream19 products
hair color and bleaching18 products
baby sunscreen18 products
liquid hand soap17 products
hand sanitizer17 products
hair styling aide17 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
makeup primer16 products
BB cream15 products
lip liner14 products
eye liner13 products
lip plumper13 products
around-eye cream12 products
hair spray12 products
CC cream12 products
after sun product11 products
body oil11 products
setting powder/spray11 products
styling gel/lotion10 products
eye makeup remover9 products
baby shampoo9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
tanning oil9 products
baby oil9 products
beard care9 products
baby powder8 products
body spray8 products
anti-aging7 products
bubble bath6 products
facial powder6 products
detangler6 products
glitter6 products
baby lotion5 products
brow liner5 products
styling mousse/foam5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
shaving cream5 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
diaper cream4 products
foot moisturizer3 products
baby soap3 products
toothpaste3 products
mouthwash3 products
2 products
pore strips2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
eyelash glue2 products
sunless tanning1 products
depilatory1 products
after shave1 products
foot odor control1 products
vapor rubs1 products
fragrance for women1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
body powder1 products
fragrance for men1 products
beard oil1 products
foot cleansing1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature
Cancer - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – scientific review cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Missing safety data noted by cosmetic industry reviewCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
151 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Determined safe for use in cosmetics up to a specified concentration limitCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if a product likely contains the non-decolorized whole leaf aloe vera, which is known to cause cancer. The score will be lower if the decolorized version of the ingredient is used.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer