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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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body wash/cleanser62 products
liquid hand soap53 products
moisturizer34 products
shampoo31 products
facial moisturizer/treatment29 products
facial cleanser20 products
bubble bath18 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
shaving cream14 products
bar soap14 products
serums & essences14 products
mask12 products
conditioner12 products
lipstick12 products
toners/astringents10 products
recreational sunscreen10 products
hair color and bleaching8 products
foundation8 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
body firming lotion7 products
daily use with SPF7 products
around-eye cream6 products
makeup primer6 products
baby soap5 products
baby shampoo5 products
lip gloss5 products
hair styling aide5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
concealer4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
mouthwash3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
body spray2 products
polish remover2 products
blush2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
baby wipes1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
baby powder1 products
after shave1 products
toothpaste1 products
detangler1 products
anti-aging1 products
lip balm1 products
nail treatment1 products
baby lotion1 products
after sun product1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
eye liner1 products
makeup remover1 products
facial powder1 products
oil controller1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
eye shadow1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
beard care1 products
beard cleanser1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature
Cancer - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – scientific review cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show reproductive effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Missing safety data noted by cosmetic industry reviewCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
877 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Determined safe for use in cosmetics up to a specified concentration limitCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if a product likely contains the non-decolorized whole leaf aloe vera, which is known to cause cancer. The score will be lower if the decolorized version of the ingredient is used.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer