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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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fragrance for women342 products
body spray263 products
foundation180 products
mascara170 products
shampoo161 products
hair spray156 products
recreational sunscreen156 products
fragrance for men139 products
mask133 products
facial moisturizer/treatment117 products
nail polish107 products
antiperspirant/deodorant98 products
concealer75 products
serums & essences73 products
eye liner70 products
setting powder/spray63 products
hair color and bleaching60 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)55 products
hair styling aide54 products
daily use with SPF52 products
brow liner48 products
moisturizer45 products
toners/astringents45 products
lipstick44 products
hair treatment/serum41 products
conditioner38 products
hand sanitizer38 products
makeup primer38 products
around-eye cream32 products
facial cleanser31 products
eye shadow29 products
sunless tanning25 products
BB cream20 products
styling gel/lotion19 products
baby sunscreen19 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
bronzer/highlighter16 products
after shave15 products
body firming lotion15 products
anti-aging13 products
nail treatment13 products
after sun product13 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
lip gloss12 products
eyelash glue11 products
liquid hand soap11 products
glitter10 products
tanning oil10 products
makeup remover7 products
styling mousse/foam6 products
foot cleansing6 products
6 products
bar soap6 products
foot moisturizer5 products
polish remover5 products
CC cream5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
mouthwash4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
pore strips4 products
beard care4 products
hand cream3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
body powder3 products
foot odor control2 products
oil controller2 products
body oil2 products
detangler2 products
blush2 products
lip balm2 products
baby wipes2 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
tooth whitening1 products
shaving cream1 products
lip liner1 products
depilatory1 products
other eye makeup1 products
facial powder1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Insufficient data to determine safetyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
78649 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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