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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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nail polish241 products
lipstick66 products
foundation53 products
body wash/cleanser47 products
eye shadow47 products
lip gloss36 products
eye liner36 products
mascara35 products
shampoo34 products
bronzer/highlighter31 products
beach & sport sunscreen28 products
facial cleanser27 products
glitter20 products
hair color and bleaching16 products
mask15 products
concealer13 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
brow liner11 products
hair spray10 products
lip liner10 products
moisturizer with SPF6 products
blush6 products
facial moisturizer/treatment6 products
nail treatment5 products
conditioner5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
tooth whitening4 products
hair styling aide4 products
body firming lotion3 products
beard cleanser3 products
other eye makeup3 products
anti-aging2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
serums & essences2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
around-eye cream2 products
bubble bath2 products
eyelash glue2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
facial powder1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
baby soap1 products
moisturizer1 products
baby shampoo1 products
makeup primer1 products
hand sanitizer1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 21(S3):1-50, 2002

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Considered safe based on assumption of low absorptionIJT 21(S3):1-50, 2002
0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 21(S3):1-50, 2002

Data Sources

  • IJT 21(S3):1-50, 2002
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer