GROUP:

Patton Lerner Family


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 63 61-64 68
Brain and nervous system 50 48-52 56
Birth defects and developmental delays 14 13-15 15
Reproduction and fertility 4 3-5 6
Endocrine system 2 2-2 2
Gastrointestinal (including liver) 1 1-1 1
Chronic effects, general 1 1-1 1
Respiratory system 1 1-1 1

Group members:

(2 People)

Michael Lerner
Sharyle Patton


Locations:

Bolinas, CA



picture of group

Group: Patton Lerner Family
Found 111-127 of 214 tested chemicals (2 participants)

The blood and urine of the "Patton Lerner Family" group contained 111-127 of 214 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to immune system toxicity, brain and nervous system toxicity, and birth defects and developmental delays.

Summary of chemicals found in Patton Lerner Family

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Alkylphenols100% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
Arsenic (inorganic only)50% high
Pressure-treated (outdoor) wood, contaminated drinking water
Chlorinated dioxins & furans50% high
50% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Lead50% high
50% moderate
Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
Methylmercury100% high
Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)50% low
Reproduction and fertility Contaminated food and drinking water
Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)50% moderate
50% low
Brain and nervous system Contaminated food and drinking water
Phthalates100% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)50% high
50% moderate
Brain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)100% found, not quantified Contaminated indoor and outdoor air

Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)

alkylphenols

1 of 1 found — see each chemical

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton

found in 2 of 2 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Alkylphenols

chlorinated dioxins & furans

15 of 17 found — see each chemical

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 528 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 14 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 2,725 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton
5pg/g lipids in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

metals

3 of 5 found

Known human carcinogen in pressure-treated wood and food. Common tap water pollutant.

  • geometric mean: 4.58 ppb in urine (vs. 1.4 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 2 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
21ppb in urine21


Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • geometric mean: 2.58 ug/dL in whole blood (vs. 1.33 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 7,896 of 8,373 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton, Michael Lerner
0.222ug/dL in whole blood4.7


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • geometric mean: 11.4 ug/L in whole blood (vs. 0.56 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 7,584 of 8,373 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton, Michael Lerner
0.0735ug/L in whole blood25.9


organochlorine pesticides (ocs)

6 of 23 found — see each chemical

Includes DDT, chlordane, other pesticides. Largely banned in the U.S. Build up in the human body over time. Cause cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 1.06 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 186 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 4,276 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton
0.615ng/g lipids in blood serum2830


Total Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)

organophosphate pesticide metabolites (ops)

4 of 9 found — see each chemical

Breakdown products from pesticides, including Dursban, formerly used in homes and currently used on produce. Can damage brain development.

  • geometric mean: 8 ppb in urine (vs. 22.6 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 9 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton
4ppb in urine70.4


Total Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)

phthalates

4 of 6 found — see each chemical

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 9 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton

found in 2 of 2 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Phthalates

polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs)

36-52 of 77 found — see each chemical

Banned industrial insulators and lubricants. Cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 258 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 9.81 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 2,900 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton
2.95ng/g lipids in blood serum600


Total Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (vocs and svocs)

42 of 76 found — see each chemical

Used in wide range of household, craft, and industrial products. Common tap water and air pollutants. Includes neurotoxins and carcinogens.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 9 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton

found in 2 of 2 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)