GROUP:

Pollution in Minority Newborns


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Brain and nervous system 121 83-156 175
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 109 72-135 167
Reproduction and fertility 19 13-29 30
Gastrointestinal (including liver) 8 3-15 25
Birth defects and developmental delays 8 4-18 18
Endocrine system 2 1-3 3
Cancer 2 2-2 2
Hematologic (blood) system 2 1-2 2

Group members:

(10 People)

Cord Blood Sample 11
Cord Blood Sample 12
Cord Blood Sample 13
Cord Blood Sample 14
Cord Blood Sample 15
Cord Blood Sample 16
Cord Blood Sample 17
Cord Blood Sample 18
Cord Blood Sample 19
Cord Blood Sample 20


Locations:



picture of group

Group: Pollution in Minority Newborns
Found 176-232 of 383 tested chemicals (10 participants)

The blood of the "Pollution in Minority Newborns" group contained 176-232 of 383 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, immune system toxicity, and reproductive toxicity and fertility problems.

Summary of chemicals found in Pollution in Minority Newborns

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Nitro- and polycylic- musks30% high
40% moderate
Endocrine system Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Perchlorate30% high
50% moderate
10% low
Hematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Mercury30% high
50% moderate
20% low
Brain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)10% high
40% moderate
50% low
Birth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Bisphenol A60% high
30% moderate
Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
Brominated Fire Retardant30% high
Brominated dioxins & furans40% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Chlorinated dioxins & furans10% high
90% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)100% low
Reproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)100% moderate
Brain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)40% high
30% moderate
30% low
Gastrointestinal (including liver) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Methylmercury20% high
50% moderate
30% low
Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Lead100% low
Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

nitro- and polycylic- musks

2 of 10 found

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

0.15ng/g in whole blood2.74


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, cleaning agents, detergents, air fresheners, perfumes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

0.36ng/g in whole blood1.9


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, detergents, cigarettes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

0.15ng/g in whole blood0.84


perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

0.17ug/L in whole blood0.6


metals

3 of 3 found

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

0.222ug/dL in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

7.0E-5ug/L in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

0.0735ug/L in whole blood25.9


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

6 of 13 found

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

0.736ng/g in whole blood27.8


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 4-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

  • geometric mean: 0.111 ng/g in whole blood
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13
0.208ng/g in whole blood0.208


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 7-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

  • geometric mean: 0.119 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.0575 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 13 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 15, Cord Blood Sample 12
0.047ng/g in whole blood0.324


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 9-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

0.001ng/g in whole blood0.686


Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.

0.176ng/g in whole blood4.2


In fire fighting foams and carpet treatments. Phased out of consumer products by 3M in 2000 over health concerns.

0.391ng/g in whole blood5.52


Active ingredient in Scotchgard prior to 2000. Phase out forced by EPA because concentrations in human blood close to levels that harm lab animals.

0.352ng/g in whole blood16.2


bisphenol a & badge

1 of 1 found

Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

0.445ng/mL in blood serum8.61


brominated fire retardant

1 of 1 found

Brominated Fire Retardant

2780ng/g lipids in blood serum3210


Total Brominated Fire Retardant

2780ng/g lipids in blood serum3210


brominated dioxins & furans

6 of 12 found

Contaminants in flame retardants, pollutants from plastics. May harm hormone system.

7.72pg/g lipids in blood serum1440


Total Brominated dioxins & furans

7.72pg/g lipids in blood serum751


25.6pg/g lipids in blood serum452


  • geometric mean: 1.68 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.76 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 16 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 16
180pg/g lipids in blood serum180


  • geometric mean: 2.03 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.36 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 2 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13, Cord Blood Sample 15
28.6pg/g lipids in blood serum41.8


  • geometric mean: 1.51 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.86 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 5 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 16
5.16pg/g lipids in blood serum60.8


  • geometric mean: 1.38 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.917 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 8 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 15
0.787pg/g lipids in blood serum25.5


chlorinated dioxins & furans

15 of 17 found

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum125


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.379pg/g lipids in blood serum61.4


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.35 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.49 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 1 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
0.25pg/g lipids in blood serum20


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.28 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 2.06 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 422 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
3.36pg/g lipids in blood serum11.4


In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.79pg/g lipids in blood serum63.7


In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.36pg/g lipids in blood serum24.3


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.55 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 2.78 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 1,707 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 14, Cord Blood Sample 18
2.66pg/g lipids in blood serum24.3


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.67 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 2.49 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 1,261 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 15, Cord Blood Sample 18
2.34pg/g lipids in blood serum22.9


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.35 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.84 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 3 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
0.35pg/g lipids in blood serum20


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.3 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.913 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 25 of 34 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
0.379pg/g lipids in blood serum13.6


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

15.9pg/g lipids in blood serum1590


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

1.26pg/g lipids in blood serum97.1


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.27 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 2.39 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 658 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
3.15pg/g lipids in blood serum14.5


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.26 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.87 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 15 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
0.23pg/g lipids in blood serum10


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.24 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 2.72 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 19 of 34 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
2.26pg/g lipids in blood serum11.7


polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

26-29 of 46 found

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

1.11ng/g lipids in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

A fire retardant used in TVs, monitors and electronics. Growing evidence that chemical breaks down in the environment to more persistent and toxic forms.

found in 5 of 10 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

0.00566ng/g lipids in blood serum3.23


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • geometric mean: 0.153 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0907 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 2 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 16
0.177ng/g lipids in blood serum0.286


0.0122ng/g lipids in blood serum4.31


0.00588ng/g lipids in blood serum0.782


Brominated fire retardants used in foam and plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

0.0262ng/g lipids in blood serum0.59


0.0025ng/g lipids in blood serum0.54


0.238ng/g lipids in blood serum76.9


0.0068ng/g lipids in blood serum2.73


0.0184ng/g lipids in blood serum0.488


Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

found in 6 of 10 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 8 of 10 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 8 of 10 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

found in 6 of 10 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

0.00528ng/g lipids in blood serum32.6


  • geometric mean: 0.0827 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.839 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 512 of 2,337 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 17, Cord Blood Sample 13
0.000971ng/g lipids in blood serum2.27


In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

0.0786ng/g lipids in blood serum31.2


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

0.33ng/g lipids in blood serum143


0.0158ng/g lipids in blood serum1.26


  • geometric mean: 0.013 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00557 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 28 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13
0.00522ng/g lipids in blood serum0.191


0.0224ng/g lipids in blood serum1.33


0.008ng/g lipids in blood serum0.273


  • geometric mean: 0.0103 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00491 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 27 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13
0.00386ng/g lipids in blood serum0.128


0.00643ng/g lipids in blood serum0.823


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

0.0141ng/g lipids in blood serum0.673


0.0385ng/g lipids in blood serum6.17


polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs)

97-144 of 209 found

Banned industrial insulators and lubricants. Cause cancer and nervous system problems.

2.95ng/g lipids in blood serum600


Total Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00655ng/g lipids in blood serum19.4


0.0237ng/g lipids in blood serum0.583


0.00174ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0531


  • geometric mean: 0.0482 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00117 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 12 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 14
0.0004ng/g lipids in blood serum0.09


0.00262ng/g lipids in blood serum0.122


  • geometric mean: 0.0135 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00431 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 9 people in the group (vs. 4 of 25 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13
0.00688ng/g lipids in blood serum0.025


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00685ng/g lipids in blood serum5.08


0.00359ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0555


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0371ng/g lipids in blood serum34.3


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00898ng/g lipids in blood serum3.67


0.0102ng/g lipids in blood serum5.76


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0017ng/g lipids in blood serum3.08


0.00945ng/g lipids in blood serum0.402


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0201ng/g lipids in blood serum6.74


0.0119ng/g lipids in blood serum10


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00288ng/g lipids in blood serum3.65


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.211ng/g lipids in blood serum112


  • geometric mean: 0.00761 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00615 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 6 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 11
0.00797ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0938


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0556ng/g lipids in blood serum8.68


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0607ng/g lipids in blood serum36.4


0.00419ng/g lipids in blood serum1.61


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0136ng/g lipids in blood serum5.15


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0131ng/g lipids in blood serum8.96


0.000758ng/g lipids in blood serum3.83


0.297ng/g lipids in blood serum72.6


0.00898ng/g lipids in blood serum2.63


0.000787ng/g lipids in blood serum0.179


0.00537ng/g lipids in blood serum2.01


0.00301ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0254


0.00393ng/g lipids in blood serum0.923


0.000503ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0487


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0184ng/g lipids in blood serum3.95


0.0106ng/g lipids in blood serum0.137


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.000755ng/g lipids in blood serum1.81


0.00385ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0304


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0243ng/g lipids in blood serum14


0.000787ng/g lipids in blood serum0.457


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.379ng/g lipids in blood serum96.5


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0236ng/g lipids in blood serum14.6


0.00322ng/g lipids in blood serum0.864


0.0034ng/g lipids in blood serum0.14


0.00631ng/g lipids in blood serum3.83


  • geometric mean: 0.00348 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00332 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 1 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 20
0.0065ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0065


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00401ng/g lipids in blood serum1.74


0.00266ng/g lipids in blood serum0.319


0.00322ng/g lipids in blood serum0.418


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0102ng/g lipids in blood serum29


  • geometric mean: 0.0182 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00874 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 14 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 17, Cord Blood Sample 18
0.00379ng/g lipids in blood serum1.7


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00152ng/g lipids in blood serum13.7


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0379ng/g lipids in blood serum34


0.0182ng/g lipids in blood serum5.57


0.034ng/g lipids in blood serum12.3


0.00537ng/g lipids in blood serum0.207


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0422ng/g lipids in blood serum40


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00604ng/g lipids in blood serum17.4


0.0106ng/g lipids in blood serum11.7


0.0393ng/g lipids in blood serum22.4


0.00591ng/g lipids in blood serum0.53


0.000971ng/g lipids in blood serum0.805


0.0104ng/g lipids in blood serum13.1


0.00874ng/g lipids in blood serum4.98


  • geometric mean: 0.0107 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00274 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 2 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13
0.00493ng/g lipids in blood serum0.02


0.000336ng/g lipids in blood serum0.212


0.00322ng/g lipids in blood serum0.353


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0051ng/g lipids in blood serum3.39


0.00838ng/g lipids in blood serum1.96


0.00148ng/g lipids in blood serum0.836


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.212ng/g lipids in blood serum30.8


0.00433ng/g lipids in blood serum0.333


0.000262ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0321


0.0828ng/g lipids in blood serum14.9


0.000394ng/g lipids in blood serum13.1


0.000336ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0343


0.00118ng/g lipids in blood serum0.483


  • geometric mean: 0.0233 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0042 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 17 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 19, Cord Blood Sample 16
0.00121ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0544


  • geometric mean: 0.00981 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.000805 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 16 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 11
0.000377ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0419


  • geometric mean: 0.00498 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00274 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 2 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
0.00507ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0093


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0017ng/g lipids in blood serum3.18


0.00176ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0231


0.00128ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0136


0.000243ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0144


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00547ng/g lipids in blood serum4.47


  • geometric mean: 0.0082 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0031 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 3 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 17
0.005ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0563


0.000943ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0425


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00168ng/g lipids in blood serum1.65


0.0941ng/g lipids in blood serum23.4


0.00588ng/g lipids in blood serum0.142


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00243ng/g lipids in blood serum1.68


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0047ng/g lipids in blood serum3.46


0.00627ng/g lipids in blood serum0.161


  • geometric mean: 0.00995 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.000724 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 10 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13, Cord Blood Sample 11
0.000781ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0283


  • geometric mean: 0.0208 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00229 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 9 people in the group (vs. 15 of 25 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 13
0.000485ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0386


0.00146ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0531


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00631ng/g lipids in blood serum3.88


  • geometric mean: 0.00848 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00103 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 9 people in the group (vs. 9 of 25 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Cord Blood Sample 18
0.000943ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0157