GROUP:

Adults


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Brain and nervous system 23 1-196 223
Reproduction and fertility 16 1-67 83
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 21 1-175 196
Birth defects and developmental delays 5 2-16 20
Respiratory system 3 1-4 6
Endocrine system 3 1-6 10
Gastrointestinal (including liver) 5 1-55 61
Chronic effects, general 3 1-6 11

Group members:

(92 People)

Anonymous Adult 2
Anonymous Adult 3
Anonymous Adult 5
Anonymous Adult 4
Anonymous Adult 6
Anonymous Adult 9
Anonymous Adult 12
Anonymous Adult 13
Anonymous Adult 11
Anonymous Adult 10
Anonymous Adult 14
Anonymous Adult 15
Anonymous Adult 16
Anonymous Adult 17
Anonymous Adult 18
Anonymous Adult 20
Anonymous Adult 21
Andrea Martin
Davis Baltz
Lucy Waletsky
Michael Lerner
Sharyle Patton
Lexi Rome
Monique Harden
Charlotte Brody
Anonymous Adult 1
Kathy Fowler
Jenna Meyer
Katrina Alcorn
Tiffany Kimball
Teri Olle
Margaret Hardin
Susan Comfort
Angela Strother
Jill
Anonymous
Rani Corey-Sheaffer
Anonymous
Meredith Buhalis
Darcy White
Jennifer Scheinz
Laurie Yung
Lisa
Anonymous
Leila Feldman
Susanne Green
Erika Schreder
Participant #2
Participant #8
Kelsey Wirth
Michael Goodstein
Margie Roswell
Nora Pouillon
Stephanie Berger
Participant #10
Adelaide Gomer
Ann Hunter-Welborn
Jesse Johnson
Anonymous Adult
Winsome McIntosh
Judi Shils
Participant #18
Lynde Uihlein
Participant #2
Jessica Welborn
Alicia Wittink
Irene Crowe
Martha Davis
Participant #6
Annette Gellert
Landon Gellert
Sara Corbett
Anonymous Mom #17
Bronwyn
Mary Brune
Tess
Anonymous Mom #13
Laura Spark
Anonymous Mom #11
Susanne Fleek
Christi
Erika Schreder
Laurie Yung
Hillary Dickman
Jennifer Scheinz
Teri Olle
Greta Hardin
Katrina Alcorn
Susan Comfort
Tracy Herndon
Maija West
Liz


Locations:

Chicago, IL
Newton, MA
Fredericksburg, VA
Washington, DC
New York, NY
Atlanta, GA
Mountain View, CA
Stanford, CA
Palo Alto, CA
San Francisco, CA
Berkeley, CA
Alamo, CA
Fallbrook, CA
Sausalito, CA
Pleasantville, NY
Bolinas, CA
Mill Valley, CA
New Orleans, LA
Round Hill, VA
Rockville, MD
Oakland, CA
La Habra Heights, CA
Evergreen, CO
Gainesville, FL
Canton, GA
Dorchester, MA
Jamiaca Plain, MA
Ann Arbor, MI
Raytown, MO
Helena, MT
Missoula, MT
Portland, OR
Nashville, TN
Austin, TX
Burke, VA
Seattle, WA
Silver Spring, MD
Cambridge, MA
Bethesda, MD
Baltimore, MD
CA, USA
Ithaca, NY
Encinitas, CA
Ross, CA
VA, USA
Milwaukee, WI
CO, USA
Littleton, CO
MD, USA
Belvedere, CA
NY, USA
Riverside, CA
Alameda, CA
Boston, MA
Anchorage, AK
Minneapolis, MN
Colorado Springs, CO
Lake Forest Park, WA
Taos, NM
Clinton, CT



picture of group

Group: Adults
Found 372-448 of 543 tested chemicals (92 participants)

The blood and urine of the "Adults" group contained 372-448 of 543 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and immune system toxicity.

Summary of chemicals found in Adults

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Alkylphenols8% high
Endocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
Arsenic (inorganic only)13% high
Pressure-treated (outdoor) wood, contaminated drinking water
BADGE-4OH24% high
47% moderate
Endocrine system Food can linings, dental sealants
Bisphenol A20% high
3% low
Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
Brominated dioxins & furans50% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Cadmium38% high
Contaminated food and drinking water, cigarette smoke, contaminated factory air
Chlorinated dioxins & furans40% high
60% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Lead43% high
55% moderate
2% low
Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
Mercury88% high
6% moderate
6% low
Brain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercury73% high
20% moderate
6% low
Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- musks29% high
59% moderate
Endocrine system, Cancer Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)11% high
11% moderate
42% low
Reproduction and fertility Contaminated food and drinking water
Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)38% high
38% moderate
25% low
Brain and nervous system Contaminated food and drinking water
Perchlorate18% moderate
65% low
Hematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)23% high
55% moderate
23% low
Cancer, Birth defects and developmental delays, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Phthalates26% high
42% moderate
14% low
Endocrine system, Birth defects and developmental delays Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)50% moderate
50% low
Reproduction and fertility Air polluted by vehicles or factories, burned and fatty food
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)12% high
61% moderate
27% low
Reproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)9% high
91% moderate
Brain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)50% high
50% moderate
Gastrointestinal (including liver) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Triclosan89% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system, Skin Antibacterial soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, shoe insoles, plastic cutting boards, other antibacterial items
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)100% found, not quantified Contaminated indoor and outdoor air

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

alkylphenols

2 of 2 found

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

Alkylphenols were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 5 of the 25 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

found in 3 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Alkylphenols

  • geometric mean: 1.09 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 1.08 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 17 people in the group (vs. 2 of 19 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 16, Anonymous Adult 18
1.4ng/g in blood serum3.3


Total Alkylphenols

Widely used surfactants in commercial products; highly toxic to aquatic organisms, and endocrine disruptors in human and animals.

4-tert-Octylphenol were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 4 of the 25 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

found in 3 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: 1.02 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 1.02 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 17 people in the group (vs. 1 of 19 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 16
1.4ng/g in blood serum1.4


Surfactants in cosmetics, household cleaners, and other products. Toxic to wildlife. Reproductive toxins.

  • geometric mean: 1.07 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 1.06 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 17 people in the group (vs. 1 of 19 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 18
3.3ng/g in blood serum3.3


bisphenol a & badge

2 of 2 found

Metabolite of BADGE, used to make metal food can linings. Linked to hormone activity, skin and immune system toxicity and cancer.

3.02ng/mL in blood serum174


Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

Bisphenol A were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 7 of the 34 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.445ng/mL in blood serum8.61


brominated dioxins & furans

2 of 12 found

Contaminants in flame retardants, pollutants from plastics. May harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 2.82 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 14.8 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 2 people in the group (vs. 2,163 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
7.72pg/g lipids in blood serum1440


Total Brominated dioxins & furans

  • geometric mean: 2.27 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.86 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 2 people in the group (vs. 5 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
5.16pg/g lipids in blood serum60.8


  • geometric mean: 1.68 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.917 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
0.787pg/g lipids in blood serum25.5


chlorinated dioxins & furans

16 of 17 found

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum125


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.379pg/g lipids in blood serum61.4


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.25pg/g lipids in blood serum20


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.36pg/g lipids in blood serum11.4


In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.79pg/g lipids in blood serum63.7


In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.36pg/g lipids in blood serum24.3


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.66pg/g lipids in blood serum24.3


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.34pg/g lipids in blood serum22.9


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.35pg/g lipids in blood serum20


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.379pg/g lipids in blood serum13.6


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

15.9pg/g lipids in blood serum1590


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

1.26pg/g lipids in blood serum97.1


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.15pg/g lipids in blood serum14.5


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 1.38 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.87 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 10 people in the group (vs. 15 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.23pg/g lipids in blood serum10


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.26pg/g lipids in blood serum11.7


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.28pg/g lipids in blood serum7.12


metals

5 of 6 found

Known human carcinogen in pressure-treated wood and food. Common tap water pollutant.

  • geometric mean: 1.46 ppb in urine (vs. 1.4 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 8 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
21ppb in urine21


In batteries, pigments, coatings, plastic and cigarette smoke. Cadmium causes cancer and is linked to birth defects and kidney damage.

  • geometric mean: 0.353 ppb in urine (vs. 0.339 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 8 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Andrea Martin, Monique Harden
0.5ppb in urine0.7


Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

0.222ug/dL in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

7.0E-5ug/L in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

0.0735ug/L in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

7 of 9 found

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

0.0547ng/g in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

Synthetic fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics. Can cause skin reactions including hyperpigmentation and contact dermatitis. Bioaccumulative.

0.06ng/g in blood serum0.45


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, perfumes, soap, other consumer products. Causes cancer in lab animals. Bioaccumulative.

0.14ng/g in blood serum0.37


Synthetic fragrance in detergents, fabric softeners, soaps. Can irritate the skin and bioaccumulate in people. Suspected hormone disruptor. Causes cancer in lab animals.

0.06ng/g in blood serum0.19


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, detergents, air fresheners, perfumes. Animal study indicates interference with a cell's ability to prevent entry of toxic substances. Bioaccumulative.

  • geometric mean: 0.0417 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 0.0407 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 17 people in the group (vs. 1 of 42 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 10
0.08ng/g in blood serum0.08


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, cleaning agents, detergents, air fresheners, perfumes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

0.0547ng/g in blood serum3.6


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, detergents, cigarettes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

0.11ng/g in blood serum1.6


Synthetic fragrance in soaps, perfumes, cosmetics. Animal study indicates interference with a cell's ability to rid itself of toxic substances. Bioaccumulative.

  • geometric mean: 0.297 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 0.29 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 17 people in the group (vs. 1 of 42 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 12
0.57ng/g in blood serum0.57


organochlorine pesticides (ocs)

26 of 31 found

Includes DDT, chlordane, other pesticides. Largely banned in the U.S. Build up in the human body over time. Cause cancer and reproductive harm.

Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 11 of the 11 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.615ng/g lipids in blood serum2830


Total Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)

Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.132 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.109 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 3 people in the group (vs. 1 of 18 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
0.209ng/g lipids in blood serum0.209


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.216 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0475 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 3 people in the group (vs. 4 of 18 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
0.0657ng/g lipids in blood serum0.477


  • geometric mean: 0.477 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 4.68 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 3 people in the group (vs. 59 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0843ng/g lipids in blood serum0.816


  • geometric mean: 0.453 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0914 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 11 people in the group (vs. 4 of 27 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
0.122ng/g lipids in blood serum4.53


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0948ng/g lipids in blood serum2560


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0804ng/g lipids in blood serum75.3


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0515 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.14 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 11 people in the group (vs. 4 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.008ng/g lipids in blood serum0.345


  • geometric mean: 0.0563 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.037 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 11 people in the group (vs. 18 of 27 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0114ng/g lipids in blood serum0.307


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.358 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.123 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 11 people in the group (vs. 17 of 27 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0251ng/g lipids in blood serum7.75


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0883 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0275 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 11 people in the group (vs. 7 of 27 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler
0.0276ng/g lipids in blood serum0.827


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0353ng/g lipids in blood serum37.1


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.964 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.53 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 18 of 18 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0972ng/g lipids in blood serum7.4


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0836 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.000788 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 2 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lucy Waletsky
0.00124ng/g lipids in blood serum0.156


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 1.55 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 4.65 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 11 people in the group (vs. 1,016 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
1.15ng/g lipids in blood serum35.2


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0205 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 11 people in the group (vs. 3 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.0159ng/g lipids in blood serum0.94


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.05ng/g lipids in blood serum0.995


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0651 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.119 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 10 people in the group (vs. 16 of 26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Monique Harden, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0786ng/g lipids in blood serum1.28


  • geometric mean: 0.0459 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0125 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 11 people in the group (vs. 13 of 27 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Sara Corbett, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0048ng/g lipids in blood serum0.251


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.683 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 4.45 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 11 people in the group (vs. 1,508 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0876ng/g lipids in blood serum12.6


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0899ng/g lipids in blood serum24.4


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.403ng/g lipids in blood serum2.73


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0591ng/g lipids in blood serum11.3


  • geometric mean: 0.126 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.024 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 3 people in the group (vs. 10 of 18 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.00906ng/g lipids in blood serum0.291


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 7.33 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 6.75 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 2,308 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.625ng/g lipids in blood serum35.7


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 1.04 ppb in urine (vs. 1.04 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 8 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Monique Harden
1.4ppb in urine1.4


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 8.67 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.57 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 15 of 18 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sara Corbett, Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.31ng/g lipids in blood serum86.4


organophosphate pesticide metabolites (ops)

7 of 9 found

Breakdown products from pesticides, including Dursban, formerly used in homes and currently used on produce. Can damage brain development.

4ppb in urine70.4


Total Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)

Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children

2.4ppb in urine24.1


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

6ppb in urine9


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 1.22 ppb in urine (vs. 1.2 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 8 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz
5ppb in urine5


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

9ppb in urine28


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

5ppb in urine21


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

2ppb in urine8


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 1.3 ppb in urine (vs. 1.26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 8 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Andrea Martin
2ppb in urine4


perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

0.2ug/L in urine5.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

12 of 14 found

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

Perfluorochemicals (PFCs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 10.6 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 4.46 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 23 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.736ng/g in whole blood27.8


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 4-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

0.735ng/mL in blood serum1.51


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 10-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

PFDA (Perfluorodecanoic acid) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.179 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.0115 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 6 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.012ng/g in whole blood0.263


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, including Stainmaster. Highly persistent and bioaccumulative.

  • geometric mean: 0.0787 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 0.0802 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 7 people in the group (vs. 4 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Participant #8, Kelsey Wirth, Nora Pouillon
0.106ng/g in blood serum0.168


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 7-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

PFHpA (Perfluoroheptanoic acid) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.0621 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.0575 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 13 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.047ng/g in whole blood0.324


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging and household products. Highly persistent in people and the environment.

PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.328 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.269 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 13 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.241ng/g in whole blood0.778


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 9-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

PFNA (Perfluorononanoic acid) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.613 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.027 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 17 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.001ng/g in whole blood0.686


Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.

PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 1.56 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.903 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 23 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.176ng/g in whole blood4.2


In Scotchgard prior to 2000 - part of the 'PFOS chemistry' phased out of use by 3M in 2000 over health concerns; metabolized into PFOS by the body.

found in 7 of 35 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. An 11-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

PFUnA (Perfluoroundecanoic acid) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.095 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.00296 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 7 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.002ng/g in whole blood0.149


An active ingredient in 3M's new Scotchgard (old formulation was phased out in 2000 over health concerns). Persistent. Structurally similar to PFOS.

found in 2 of 35 members of the group, but not quantified

 


In fire fighting foams and carpet treatments. Phased out of consumer products by 3M in 2000 over health concerns.

PFHxS (Perfluorohexanesulfonate) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.88 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 0.543 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 16 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.391ng/g in whole blood5.52


Active ingredient in Scotchgard prior to 2000. Phase out forced by EPA because concentrations in human blood close to levels that harm lab animals.

PFOS (Perfluorooctanesulfonate) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 6.66 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 2.56 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 23 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.352ng/g in whole blood16.2


phthalates

13 of 13 found

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

Phthalates were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 43 of the 43 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

found in 8 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Phthalates

102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

Used in soft plastics like PVC. Associated with male reproductive system toxicity in people and animals.

97.2ug/g lipids in blood serum905


Used in plastics like PVC, adhesives, coatings. Animal studies indicate toxicity to male reproductive system, hormone activity.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 8 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lucy Waletsky

found in 1 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

found in 8 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in plastics, adhesives, rubber. Animal studies indicate toxicity to thyroid and liver.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 8 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Lucy Waletsky

found in 2 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in consumer products, particularly those containing fragrances. Linked to male reproductive problems in people; animal studies indicate multiple toxicities.

found in 7 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in insect repellant, plastic, rocket propellant. DMP is linked to liver toxicity, and its breakdown product is linked to male reproductive system problems in people.

found in 5 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

5.64ug/g creatinine in urine6960


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

5.98ug/g creatinine in urine2850


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics. Linked to male reproductive issues in people and animals.

1.45ug/g creatinine in urine829


Formed from dibutyl phthalates, used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

7.53ug/g creatinine in urine250


Breakdown product of benzylbutyl phthalate, used in vinyl flooring, car-care products, some cosmetics. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

2.73ug/g creatinine in urine436


Breakdown product of diethyl phthalate, used in consumer products, fragrances. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

9.38ug/g creatinine in urine849


Breakdown product of dimethyl phthalate, used in insect repellant, plastic, rocket propellant. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems in people.

3.25ug/g creatinine in urine323


polyaromatic hydrocarbons (pahs)

8 of 18 found

Pollutants from burning gasoline and garbage. Linked to cancer. Accumulate in food chain.

  • geometric mean: 189 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 230 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
130ng/g lipids in blood serum384


Total Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

  • geometric mean: 22.2 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 24.3 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
14.7ng/g lipids in blood serum40.2


  • geometric mean: 10.7 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 12.9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
9.44ng/g lipids in blood serum23.2


PAHs are toxic byproduct of combustion. Humans exposed through air or diet. Probable carcinogens. In animals cause birth defects, affect skin, blood, reproductive and immune systems.

  • geometric mean: 17.5 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 15.2 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
10ng/g lipids in blood serum21.3


  • geometric mean: 20.9 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 23.2 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
14ng/g lipids in blood serum42.1


  • geometric mean: 24.4 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 70.4 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
17.8ng/g lipids in blood serum199


  • geometric mean: 7.38 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.13 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 4 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
6.82ng/g lipids in blood serum15.3


  • geometric mean: 36.1 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 35.9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
24.2ng/g lipids in blood serum51.2


  • geometric mean: 28.5 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 21.3 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
8.89ng/g lipids in blood serum89.7


polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

41-47 of 53 found

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 57 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

1.11ng/g lipids in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

0.11ng/g lipids in blood serum1.95


In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • geometric mean: 0.0555 ppb lipids in breast milk
  • found in 2 of 20 people in the group
  • found in: Jennifer Scheinz, Lisa
0.1ppb lipids in breast milk0.2


Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

A fire retardant used in TVs, monitors and electronics. Growing evidence that chemical breaks down in the environment to more persistent and toxic forms.

PBDE-209 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 10 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

ng/g lipids in blood serum270


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • geometric mean: 0.0525 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.052 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 37 people in the group (vs. 1 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Adelaide Gomer
0.103ng/g lipids in blood serum0.103


PBDE-11 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.0104 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00745 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 37 people in the group (vs. 7 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0134ng/g lipids in blood serum0.039


PBDE-12 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 1 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.0309 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0087 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 37 people in the group (vs. 8 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
0.0151ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0606


PBDE-15 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 31 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.00566ng/g lipids in blood serum3.23


PBDE-7 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 1 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.00979 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0097 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 37 people in the group (vs. 1 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
0.0192ng/g lipids in blood serum0.0192


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • geometric mean: 0.0902 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0907 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 37 people in the group (vs. 2 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Participant #18
0.177ng/g lipids in blood serum0.286


PBDE-183 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 33 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.0122ng/g lipids in blood serum4.31


PBDE-190 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 17 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.00588ng/g lipids in blood serum0.782


Brominated fire retardants used in foam and plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • geometric mean: 0.008 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00821 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 37 people in the group (vs. 2 of 76 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Jesse Johnson
0.0157ng/g lipids in blood serum0.114


PBDE-138 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 22 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.0262ng/g lipids in blood serum0.59


PBDE-140 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 29 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.0025ng/g lipids in blood serum0.54


PBDE-153 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 57 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.238ng/g lipids in blood serum76.9


PBDE-154 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 25 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.0068ng/g lipids in blood serum2.73


0.45ng/g lipids in blood serum15.4


PBDE-155 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 31 of the 37 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.0184ng/g lipids in blood serum0.488


Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

PBDE-206 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.0587 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 57 people in the group (vs. 24 of 116 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Participant #18
ng/g lipids in blood serum19.9


PBDE-207 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 6 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

ng/g lipids in blood serum19


PBDE-208 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 3 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 0.11 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 57 people in the group (vs. 29 of 116 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1, Participant #18
ng/g lipids in blood serum14.7


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

ng/g lipids in blood serum16.5


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

PBDE-100 were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 53 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.00528ng/g lipids in blood serum32.6