GROUP:

Adults


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Brain and nervous system 23 1-196 223
Reproduction and fertility 16 1-67 83
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 21 1-175 196
Birth defects and developmental delays 5 2-16 20
Respiratory system 3 1-4 6
Endocrine system 3 1-6 10
Gastrointestinal (including liver) 5 1-55 61
Chronic effects, general 3 1-6 11

Group members:

(92 People)

Anonymous Adult 2
Anonymous Adult 3
Anonymous Adult 5
Anonymous Adult 4
Anonymous Adult 6
Anonymous Adult 9
Anonymous Adult 12
Anonymous Adult 13
Anonymous Adult 11
Anonymous Adult 10
Anonymous Adult 14
Anonymous Adult 15
Anonymous Adult 16
Anonymous Adult 17
Anonymous Adult 18
Anonymous Adult 20
Anonymous Adult 21
Andrea Martin
Davis Baltz
Lucy Waletsky
Michael Lerner
Sharyle Patton
Lexi Rome
Monique Harden
Charlotte Brody
Anonymous Adult 1
Kathy Fowler
Jenna Meyer
Katrina Alcorn
Tiffany Kimball
Teri Olle
Margaret Hardin
Susan Comfort
Angela Strother
Jill
Anonymous
Rani Corey-Sheaffer
Anonymous
Meredith Buhalis
Darcy White
Jennifer Scheinz
Laurie Yung
Lisa
Anonymous
Leila Feldman
Susanne Green
Erika Schreder
Participant #2
Participant #8
Kelsey Wirth
Michael Goodstein
Margie Roswell
Nora Pouillon
Stephanie Berger
Participant #10
Adelaide Gomer
Ann Hunter-Welborn
Jesse Johnson
Anonymous Adult
Winsome McIntosh
Judi Shils
Participant #18
Lynde Uihlein
Participant #2
Jessica Welborn
Alicia Wittink
Irene Crowe
Martha Davis
Participant #6
Annette Gellert
Landon Gellert
Sara Corbett
Anonymous Mom #17
Bronwyn
Mary Brune
Tess
Anonymous Mom #13
Laura Spark
Anonymous Mom #11
Susanne Fleek
Christi
Erika Schreder
Laurie Yung
Hillary Dickman
Jennifer Scheinz
Teri Olle
Greta Hardin
Katrina Alcorn
Susan Comfort
Tracy Herndon
Maija West
Liz


Locations:

Chicago, IL
Newton, MA
Fredericksburg, VA
Washington, DC
New York, NY
Atlanta, GA
Mountain View, CA
Stanford, CA
Palo Alto, CA
San Francisco, CA
Berkeley, CA
Alamo, CA
Fallbrook, CA
Sausalito, CA
Pleasantville, NY
Bolinas, CA
Mill Valley, CA
New Orleans, LA
Round Hill, VA
Rockville, MD
Oakland, CA
La Habra Heights, CA
Evergreen, CO
Gainesville, FL
Canton, GA
Dorchester, MA
Jamiaca Plain, MA
Ann Arbor, MI
Raytown, MO
Helena, MT
Missoula, MT
Portland, OR
Nashville, TN
Austin, TX
Burke, VA
Seattle, WA
Silver Spring, MD
Cambridge, MA
Bethesda, MD
Baltimore, MD
CA, USA
Ithaca, NY
Encinitas, CA
Ross, CA
VA, USA
Milwaukee, WI
CO, USA
Littleton, CO
MD, USA
Belvedere, CA
NY, USA
Riverside, CA
Alameda, CA
Boston, MA
Anchorage, AK
Minneapolis, MN
Colorado Springs, CO
Lake Forest Park, WA
Taos, NM
Clinton, CT



picture of group

Group: Adults
Found 372-448 of 543 tested chemicals (92 participants)

The blood and urine of the "Adults" group contained 372-448 of 543 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and immune system toxicity.

Summary of chemicals found in Adults

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Alkylphenols8% high
Endocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
Arsenic (inorganic only)13% high
Pressure-treated (outdoor) wood, contaminated drinking water
BADGE-4OH24% high
47% moderate
Endocrine system Food can linings, dental sealants
Bisphenol A20% high
3% low
Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
Brominated dioxins & furans50% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Cadmium38% high
Contaminated food and drinking water, cigarette smoke, contaminated factory air
Chlorinated dioxins & furans40% high
60% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Lead43% high
55% moderate
2% low
Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
Mercury88% high
6% moderate
6% low
Brain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercury73% high
20% moderate
6% low
Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- musks29% high
59% moderate
Endocrine system, Cancer Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)11% high
11% moderate
42% low
Reproduction and fertility Contaminated food and drinking water
Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)38% high
38% moderate
25% low
Brain and nervous system Contaminated food and drinking water
Perchlorate18% moderate
65% low
Hematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)23% high
55% moderate
23% low
Cancer, Birth defects and developmental delays, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Phthalates26% high
42% moderate
14% low
Endocrine system, Birth defects and developmental delays Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)50% moderate
50% low
Reproduction and fertility Air polluted by vehicles or factories, burned and fatty food
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)12% high
61% moderate
27% low
Reproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)9% high
91% moderate
Brain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)50% high
50% moderate
Gastrointestinal (including liver) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Triclosan89% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system, Skin Antibacterial soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, shoe insoles, plastic cutting boards, other antibacterial items
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)100% found, not quantified Contaminated indoor and outdoor air

Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)

alkylphenols

2 of 2 found — see each chemical

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

Alkylphenols were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 5 of the 25 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

found in 3 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Alkylphenols

  • geometric mean: 1.09 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 1.08 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 17 people in the group (vs. 2 of 19 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 16, Anonymous Adult 18
1.4ng/g in blood serum3.3


Total Alkylphenols

bisphenol a & badge

2 of 2 found

Metabolite of BADGE, used to make metal food can linings. Linked to hormone activity, skin and immune system toxicity and cancer.

3.02ng/mL in blood serum174


Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

Bisphenol A were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 7 of the 34 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.445ng/mL in blood serum8.61


brominated dioxins & furans

2 of 12 found — see each chemical

Contaminants in flame retardants, pollutants from plastics. May harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 2.82 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 14.8 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 2 people in the group (vs. 2,163 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1
7.72pg/g lipids in blood serum1440


Total Brominated dioxins & furans

chlorinated dioxins & furans

16 of 17 found — see each chemical

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

metals

5 of 6 found

Known human carcinogen in pressure-treated wood and food. Common tap water pollutant.

  • geometric mean: 1.46 ppb in urine (vs. 1.4 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 8 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
21ppb in urine21


In batteries, pigments, coatings, plastic and cigarette smoke. Cadmium causes cancer and is linked to birth defects and kidney damage.

  • geometric mean: 0.353 ppb in urine (vs. 0.339 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 8 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Andrea Martin, Monique Harden
0.5ppb in urine0.7


Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

0.222ug/dL in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

7.0E-5ug/L in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

0.0735ug/L in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

7 of 9 found — see each chemical

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

0.0547ng/g in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

organochlorine pesticides (ocs)

26 of 31 found — see each chemical

Includes DDT, chlordane, other pesticides. Largely banned in the U.S. Build up in the human body over time. Cause cancer and reproductive harm.

Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 11 of the 11 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

0.615ng/g lipids in blood serum2830


Total Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)

organophosphate pesticide metabolites (ops)

7 of 9 found — see each chemical

Breakdown products from pesticides, including Dursban, formerly used in homes and currently used on produce. Can damage brain development.

4ppb in urine70.4


Total Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)

perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

0.2ug/L in urine5.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

12 of 14 found — see each chemical

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

Perfluorochemicals (PFCs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 2 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 10.6 ng/g in whole blood (vs. 4.46 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 23 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 1, Kathy Fowler
0.736ng/g in whole blood27.8


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

phthalates

13 of 13 found — see each chemical

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

Phthalates were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 43 of the 43 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

found in 8 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Phthalates

102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

polyaromatic hydrocarbons (pahs)

8 of 18 found — see each chemical

Pollutants from burning gasoline and garbage. Linked to cancer. Accumulate in food chain.

  • geometric mean: 189 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 230 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
130ng/g lipids in blood serum384


Total Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

41-47 of 53 found — see each chemical

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 57 of the 57 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

1.11ng/g lipids in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs)

117-168 of 209 found — see each chemical

Banned industrial insulators and lubricants. Cause cancer and nervous system problems.

2.95ng/g lipids in blood serum600


Total Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

polychlorinated naphthalenes (pcns)

38-58 of 70 found — see each chemical

Wood preservatives, varnishes, machine lubricating oils, waste incineration. Cause liver and kidney damage.

  • geometric mean: 1.26 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.693 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 2 people in the group (vs. 23 of 23 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Kathy Fowler, Anonymous Adult 1
0.0743ng/g lipids in blood serum3.43


Total Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)

triclosan

1 of 1 found

Antibacterial agent (pesticide) in liquid hand soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, footwear, and plastic products labeled "antibacterial." Triclosan may disrupt thyroid hormones, and can form several chemicals with health and environmental concerns.

found in 16 of 18 members of the group, but not quantified

 


volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (vocs and svocs)

73 of 76 found — see each chemical

Used in wide range of household, craft, and industrial products. Common tap water and air pollutants. Includes neurotoxins and carcinogens.

found in 8 of 8 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)