How Much is Too Much?

Excess Vitamins and Minerals in Food Can Harm Kids’ Health

June 19, 2014

How Much is Too Much? : Appendix C: FDA’s Proposed Daily Values for Nutrition Labeling

Table C1: Comparing current and proposed Daily Values for adults and children 4 or more years of age with Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) or Adequate Intake values (AI) for 4-to-8-year-old children. All intakes are per day.

Vitamins and Minerals* Current Daily Values Proposed Daily Values RDA or AI for 4-to-8-year-old children** Proposed DV at least twice bigger than RDA/AI for 4-to-8-year-old children?

Vitamin A

5,000 IU (1,500 mg)

900 mg (same as the UL for 4-to-8-year-old)

400 mg

Yes

Vitamin C

60 mg

90 mg

25 mg

Yes

Calcium

1,000 mg

1,300 mg

1000 mg

No

Iron

18 mg

18 mg (no change)

10 mg

No

Vitamin D

400 IU (10 mg)

20 mg

15 mg

No

Vitamin E

30 IU (20 mg)

15 mg

7 mg

Yes

Vitamin K

80 mg

120 mg

55 mg (AI)

Yes

Thiamin

1.5 mg

1.2 mg

0.6 mg

Yes

Riboflavin

1.7 mg

1.3 mg

0.6 mg

Yes

Niacin

20 mg

16 mg (more than the UL for 4-to-8-year-old)

8 mg

Yes

Vitamin B6

2 mg

1.7 mg

0.6 mg

Yes

Folate

400 mg

400 mg

200 mg

Yes

Vitamin B12

6 mg

2.4 mg

1.2 mg

Yes

Biotin

300 mg

30 mg

12 mg (AI)

Yes

Pantothenic acid

10 mg

5 mg

 3 mg (AI)

No

Phosphorus

1,000 mg

1,250 mg

500 mg

Yes

Iodine

150 mg

150 mg (no change)

90 mg

No

Magnesium

400 mg

420 mg

130 mg

Yes

Zinc

15 mg

11 mg

5 mg

Yes

Selenium

70 mg

55 mg

30 mg

No

Copper

2 mg

0.9 mg

0.44 mg

Yes

Manganese

2 mg

2.3 mg

1.5 mg (AI)

No

Chromium

120 mg

35 mg

15 mg

Yes

Molybdenum

75 mg

45 mg

22 mg

Yes

Source: FDA. Food Labeling: Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels. Fed. Reg. Vol 79, No. 41, 11879 -11987, March 3, 2014.
* RDAs for iron and iodine not included. Under the FDA’s proposal, the daily values for iron (currently at 18 mg/d) and iodine (currently at 150 mg/d) would not change. For 4-to-8-year-old children, RDA for iron is 10 mg/d; RDA for iodine is 90 mg/d.
** For some vitamins there are no RDAs. Only Adequate Intake values (AI) are available. These cases are indicated with AI in parenthesis.