FDA test results again downplay risks of ‘forever chemicals’ in food

WASHINGTON – The Food and Drug Administration’s release yesterday of tests for the presence of the “forever chemicals” known as PFAS in food once again downplays the risks the substances pose to consumers, with findings that ignore potential exposures.

After assessing 92 processed foods, including peanut butter, baby food, chips, cereal and more, the FDA says PFAS were not found in 89 of the sampled items.

But the FDA’s methodology does not test for PFAS approved for use in food packaging, and it applied a “limit of detection” – the minimum amount of a substance that can confidently be reported as greater than zero – that likely conceals the presence of PFAS in food. If the FDA had used a lower detection limit, PFAS contamination of food would be expected to be common and easily detected.

And the FDA continues to ignore other routes of exposure to PFAS, such as drinking water, when advising consumers about the risks posed by the chemicals in their food.

“Consumers are exposed to PFAS in their water and their food, and through household goods,” said Scott Faber, EWG’s senior vice president for government affairs. “But the FDA continues to ignore all of these routes of exposure when providing advice to consumers.”

“PFAS are incredibly toxic at low concentrations, and these chemicals are ubiquitous in our environment and in our bodies,” said EWG Senior Scientist David Andrews, Ph.D. 

“Food is suspected of being a major source of exposure to PFAS compounds. We urgently need more comprehensive testing of our entire food supply with lower detection limits and the ability to identify all PFAS compounds,” Andrews said.

PFAS are a large group of chemicals that cause increased risk of cancerharm to fetal development and reduced vaccine effectiveness. They are known as “forever chemicals” because they do not break down in the environment and they build up in our blood and organs. 

In June, EWG and other organizations petitioned the FDA to end all uses of PFAS in food packaging. The groups urged the FDA to consider all routes of exposure to PFAS when considering whether the chemicals are safe for use in food.

“The law requires FDA to demonstrate that the use of PFAS in food packaging poses a reasonable certainty of no harm,” Faber said. “The science clearly demonstrates that PFAS pose a significant risk of harm.”

Between 2002 and 2016, the FDA approved 19 PFAS for use in food packaging, despite evidence linking PFAS to cancer.

In 2020, the FDA announced that manufacturers of 15 different approved types of food packaging using PFAS would phase out all ongoing uses. But the FDA has not yet banned all PFAS from food packaging.

More than a dozen states have adopted policies or regulations limiting the use of PFAS in food packaging, and many more are considering taking similar steps.


The Environmental Working Group is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization that empowers people to live healthier lives in a healthier environment. Through research, advocacy and unique education tools, EWG drives consumer choice and civic action. Visit www.ewg.org for more information.

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