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MALIC ACID

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Environment
 
Low Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Low concern for biodegradation; acute aquatic toxicity; general systemic/organ effects
MALIC ACID can be found in 12 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
EPA's review of industry submitted toxicity data and the potential for human exposure concludes that this substance poses a low risk for human health.
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
EPA Hazard-Based Prioritizations - Risks - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
may cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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