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D

ACID BLUE 9 (UNCERTIFIED FD&C BLUE NO. 1 OR D&C BLUE NO. 4)

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Low Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of nervous system effects; skin irritation/allergies/damage; cancer
Acid Blue 9 (Uncertified FD&C Blue No. 1 or D&C Blue No. 4) can be found in 33 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Structurally related substances are classified by IARC as known, probable, and possible human carcinogens (International Agency for Research on Carcinogens).
 
moderate
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
A review study found that cell-based screening tests suggest the potential for neurotoxicity.
 
some
 
Peer Reviewed Literature: Kobylewski, S. & Jacobson, M.F. 2012. Toxicology of food dyes. International journal of occupational and environmental health 18(3), 220-46.
NTP Toxcast scored 2.5-3.5
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): EWG Toxcast Analysis
NTP Toxcast scored 2.5-3.5
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): EWG Toxcast Analysis
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers reports this substance can irritate the skin.
 
some
 
The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers. 2004. OPINION OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON COSMETIC PRODUCTS AND NON-FOOD PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR CONSUMERS CONCERNING ACID BLUE 9.
Neurobehavioral effects observed in animal study.
 
some
 
Toyohito Tanaka, Osamu Takahashi, Akiko Inomata, Akio Ogata & Dai Nakae. 2012. Reproductive and neurobehavioral effects of brilliant blue FCF in mice. Birth defects research. Part B, Developmental and reproductive toxicology 95(6), 395-409.
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
acute toxicity, oral LD50 (mg/kg)
 
low
 
The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers. 2004. OPINION OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON COSMETIC PRODUCTS AND NON-FOOD PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR CONSUMERS CONCERNING ACID BLUE 9.
No evidence of reproductive or developmental toxicity in animal testing.
 
low
 
The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers. 2004. OPINION OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON COSMETIC PRODUCTS AND NON-FOOD PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR CONSUMERS CONCERNING ACID BLUE 9.
Little evidence of genotoxicity in animal or in vitro testing.
 
low
 
The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers. 2004. OPINION OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON COSMETIC PRODUCTS AND NON-FOOD PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR CONSUMERS CONCERNING ACID BLUE 9.
Not found to be carcinogenic in animal testing.
 
low
 
The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers. 2004. OPINION OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON COSMETIC PRODUCTS AND NON-FOOD PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR CONSUMERS CONCERNING ACID BLUE 9.
EFSA panel concluded there is no concern for genotoxicity.
 
low
 
European Food Safety Authority. 2010. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of Brilliant Blue FCF (E 133) as a food additive. EFSA Journal 8(11), 1853.

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Impurity: ARSENIC
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
May damage the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Fatal if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: CADMIUM
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: ANILINE
Suspected of causing genetic defects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Suspected of causing cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of causing genetic defects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
May cause cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of damaging fertility.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of damaging the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: ANILINE
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: CADMIUM
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic in contact with skin
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CHROMIUM
confirmed human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CHROMIUM
cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
confirmed human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
lung cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
peripheral nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
central nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
kidney damage
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CADMIUM
kidney damage
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CADMIUM
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
may cause cancer
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
suspected of causing genetics defects
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: ARSENIC
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: ARSENIC
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance damages the cardiovascular system.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance damages the immune system.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance causes damage to the skin.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance can damage the kidneys.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: LEAD
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to females)
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: LEAD
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to males)
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: LEAD
Known to cause reproductive toxicity
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: LEAD
May damage the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Suspected of damaging fertility.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Fatal if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of causing genetic defects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
May cause cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of damaging fertility.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of damaging the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Suspected of causing cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: ANILINE
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic in contact with skin
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic of swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: LEAD
Reasonably Anticipated To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: CADMIUM
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: ANILINE
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic in contact with skin
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CHROMIUM
confirmed human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CHROMIUM
cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CHROMIUM
lung cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CHROMIUM
Asthmagen (sensitizing)
 
some
 
Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC): AOEC Exposure Code List (2020 Update)
Impurity: MANGANESE
central nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
peripheral nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
hematologic effects
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
kidney damage
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
EPA's review of industry submitted toxicity data and the potential for human exposure concludes that this substance poses a high risk for human health.
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Hazard-Based Prioritizations - Risks
Impurity: ANILINE
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Oven Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
harmful in inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: CADMIUM
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance shows some evidence of damage to the developing fetus.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: LEAD
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: LEAD
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
may cause cancer
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
may cause harm to breast-fed children
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
may damage fertility or the unborn child
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: MERCURY
Fatal if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: MERCURY
fatal if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
suspected of causing genetics defects
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
may cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ANILINE
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic in contact with skin
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
Toxic of swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Oven Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CHROMIUM
upper respiratory tract irritation
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
may cause drowsiness or dizziness
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
harmful in inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: CHROMIUM
skin irritation
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MANGANESE
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: CHROMIUM
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ANILINE
may cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: CHROMIUM
May cause allergy or asthma symptoms of breathing difficulties if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: CHROMIUM
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: CHROMIUM
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: CHROMIUM
not classifiable as a human carcinogen
 
low
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MANGANESE
Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: MERCURY
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: MERCURY
Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: MERCURY
not classifiable as a human carcinogen
 
low
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ANILINE
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: ANILINE
EPA testing shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database
Impurity: ANILINE
EPA testing shows this substance has low acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database
Impurity: ANILINE
EPA testing shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database
Impurity: ANILINE
EPA testing shows this substance has low acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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